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free (adj.)

古英语 freo "免于;不受束缚,按自己的意志行事",也是"高尚的;快乐的",来自于原日耳曼语 *friaz "心爱的;不受束缚的"(来源也是古弗里斯兰语 fri ,古萨克森语 vri ,古高德语 vri ,德语 frei ,荷兰语 vrij ,哥特语 freis "自由"),来自于PIE *priy-a- "亲爱的,心爱的",来自于根 *pri- "去爱"。

从"爱"到"自由"的意义演化,也许是源于"心爱的"或"朋友"被应用于自己氏族的自由成员(与奴隶相对,比较拉丁文 liberi ,既指"自由人",也指"家庭的孩子")。关于日耳曼语中较早的意义,比较哥特语 frijon "爱";古英语 freod "感情、友谊、和平", friga "爱", friðu "和平";古北欧语 friðr "和平、人身安全;爱、友谊",德语 Friede "和平";古英语 freo "妻子";古北欧语 Frigg ,奥丁妻子的名字,字面意思是"心爱的"或"爱的";中低等德语 vrien "娶妻",荷兰语 vrijen ,德语 freien "求爱"。

意思是"畅通无阻",是13世纪中叶;"行动不受限制"的意思是14世纪;动物的意思是"松散、自由、狂野",14世纪晚期 意思是"自由、不拘小节",是14世纪。以行动或表达的自由为特征"的意思来自1630年代;艺术等"不严格遵守规则或形式"的意思来自1813年。Of nations, "not subject to foreign rule or to despotism," recorded in English from late 14 Century ( Free world "非共产主义国家"的概念从1950年开始得到证明,"以公民自由原则为基础"。)"无偿给予"的意义是1580年代,来自"免费"的概念。

Free even to the definition of freedom, "without any hindrance that does not arise out of his own constitution." [Emerson, "The American Scholar," 1837]

Free lunch ,最初在酒吧里提供以吸引顾客,到1850年,美国英语。 Free pass 在铁路等地,到1850年得到证明。 Free speech 在英国是自亨利八世时期就开始使用的一种议会特权。在美国,它指的是公民的表达权,在关于Gag Rule(1836年)的辩论中,它成为一个突出的短语。 Free enterprise 录自1832年。 free trade 是1823年的。 free market 来自1630年代。 Free will 是13世纪初的。 Free school 是15世纪末的 Free association 在心理学中是1899年的。 Free love "性解放"证自1822年(学说本身要早得多),美式英语。 Free and easy "不受束缚"来自1690年代。

free (v.)

古英语 freogan "释放、解放、manumit",也有"爱、爱地想、尊敬"的意思;也有"摆脱(某物)"的意思,出自 freo "不受束缚"(见 free (adj.))。日耳曼形容词中的分叉意义在女儿语中由它生长出来的动词中也有体现。比较古弗里斯兰语 fria "使自由;"古撒克逊语 friohan "求爱、求爱;"德语 befreien "自由", freien "求爱";古北欧语 frja "爱";哥特语 frijon "爱"。相关链接: Freed ; freeing

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Definitions of free from WordNet
1
free (v.)
grant freedom to; free from confinement;
Synonyms: liberate / release / unloose / unloosen / loose
free (v.)
relieve from;
Synonyms: rid / disembarrass
free (v.)
remove or force out from a position;
He finally could free the legs of the earthquake victim who was buried in the rubble
Synonyms: dislodge
free (v.)
grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to;
Synonyms: exempt / relieve
free (v.)
make (information) available for publication;
Synonyms: release
free (v.)
free from obligations or duties;
Synonyms: discharge
free (v.)
free or remove obstruction from;
free a path across the cluttered floor
Synonyms: disengage
free (v.)
let off the hook;
Synonyms: absolve
free (v.)
part with a possession or right;
Synonyms: release / relinquish / resign / give up
free (v.)
release (gas or energy) as a result of a chemical reaction or physical decomposition;
Synonyms: release / liberate
free (v.)
make (assets) available;
Synonyms: unblock / unfreeze / release
2
free (adj.)
costing nothing;
free admission
Synonyms: complimentary / costless / gratis / gratuitous
free (adj.)
not limited or hampered; not under compulsion or restraint;
free of racism
a free choice
I have an hour free
a free port
a free country
free enterprise
free will
feel free to stay as long as you wish
free (adj.)
unconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion;
free oxygen
free expansion
a free electron
free (adj.)
not occupied or in use;
a free locker
a free lane
free (adj.)
not fixed in position;
he pulled his arm free and ran
Synonyms: detached
free (adj.)
not held in servitude;
after the Civil War he was a free man
free (adj.)
not taken up by scheduled activities;
a free hour between classes
Synonyms: spare
free (adj.)
completely wanting or lacking;
Synonyms: barren / destitute / devoid / innocent
free (adj.)
not literal;
a free translation of the poem
Synonyms: loose / liberal
3
free (n.)
people who are free;
the home of the free and the brave
Synonyms: free people
4
free (adv.)
without restraint;
Synonyms: loose
From wordnet.princeton.edu