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forgive (v.)

古英语 forgiefan "give, grant, allow; remit (a debt), pardon (an offense)",也有"give up"和"give in marriage"(过去式 forgeaf ,过去分词 forgifen );来自 for- ,这里可能是"完全",+ giefan "给予"(来自 PIE 根 *ghabh- "给予或接受")。

"放弃惩罚的欲望或权力"(古英语晚期)的意义来自于使用这样一个复合词,作为日耳曼语借译的Vulgar拉丁语 *perdonare (古撒克逊语 fargeban ,荷兰语 vergeven ,德语 vergeben "原谅",哥特语 fragiban "给予;"并见 pardon (n.))。相关: Forgave ; forgiven ; forgiving

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Definitions of forgive from WordNet

forgive (v.)
stop blaming or grant forgiveness;
She cannot forgive him for forgetting her birthday
I forgave him his infidelity
forgive (v.)
absolve from payment;
I forgive you your debt
From wordnet.princeton.edu