fine (adj.)

13世纪中叶,"无瑕疵、精制、纯洁、无杂质",也是"高质量、选择",来自古法语 fin "完美的、最高质量的"( 12世纪),从 finire ,或从拉丁语 finis "那分界、界限、限度、边框、尽头"(见 finish (v.))回形;因此是"顶点、高峰、高度",如 finis boni "最高的好"。英语从14世纪起作"丰富的,有价值的,昂贵的";也在道德意义上作"真实的,真正的;忠实的,恒久的"。从14世纪晚期起作"专家级的时装,精良或巧妙的制作",也有,布匹的,"精巧地锻制"。从15世纪开始,武器或边缘的"锋利"。在提到金银的质量时,15世纪末。

在法语中,主要意思仍是"精巧、复杂的技巧";在英语中,自14世纪以来, fine 也是一般的广义表达,表示钦佩或赞许,相当于法语 beau (如 fine arts ,"那些吸引心灵和想象力的东西",1767年,译为法语 beaux-arts )。相关: Finer ; finestFine print 从1861年起为"字体小而密集";到1934年的扩展意义为"交易的资格和限制"。

fine (n.)

13世纪 ,"终止,结束;生命的终结",来自古法语 fin "终结,限制,界限;死亡;费用,支付,财务,金钱"(10世纪),来自拉丁语 finis "终结"(见 finish (v.)),在中世纪的拉丁语中也是"结算中的支付,罚款或税收"。

现代意义上的"为违法行为或失职行为支付的金钱"是通过"为免除惩罚或补偿伤害而支付的金钱"(14世纪中叶,来自13世纪末英法的相同意义)和诸如 to make fine "使一个人的和平,解决一个问题"(14世纪)等短语来理解的。意思是"对某些犯罪行为施加的罚款金额",最早记录于1520年代。

fine (v.)

13世纪末,"支付作为赎金或刑罚",来自 fine (n.)。倒过来的意思是"以金钱惩罚",出自1550年代。相关链接: Fined ; fining

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Definitions of fine from WordNet
fine (adj.)
being satisfactory or in satisfactory condition;
another minute I'd have been fine
dinner and the movies had been fine
everything's fine
Synonyms: all right / O.K. / ok / okay / hunky-dory / cool
fine (adj.)
minutely precise especially in differences in meaning;
a fine distinction
fine (adj.)
thin in thickness or diameter;
fine hairs
a fine film of oil
read the fine print
fine (adj.)
characterized by elegance or refinement or accomplishment;
fine wine
a fine violinist
looking fine in her Easter suit
fine china and crystal
the fine hand of a master
a fine gentleman
fine (adj.)
of textures that are smooth to the touch or substances consisting of relatively small particles;
fine powdery snow
covered with a fine film of dust
wood with a fine grain
batiste is a cotton fabric with a fine weave
fine rain
fine (adj.)
free from impurities; having a high or specified degree of purity;
gold 21 carats fine
fine (adv.)
an expression of agreement normally occurring at the beginning of a sentence;
Synonyms: very well / alright / all right / ok
fine (adv.)
in a delicate manner;
her fine drawn body
Synonyms: finely / delicately / exquisitely
fine (v.)
issue a ticket or a fine to as a penalty;
I was fined for parking on the wrong side of the street
Synonyms: ticket
fine (n.)
money extracted as a penalty;
Synonyms: mulct / amercement