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find (v.)

古英语 findan “come upon, meet with; discover; obtain by search or study” (第三类强动词; 过去时 fand, 过去分词 funden), 来自于古日耳曼语 *findan “to come upon, discover” (也是古撒克逊语 findan, 古弗里斯兰语 finda, 古诺尔斯语 finna, 中荷兰语 vinden, 古高德语 findan, 德语 finden, 哥特语 finþan 的来源), 原为“来到”.

日耳曼语来自PIE词根 *pent- “踩, 走” (来源也是古高德文 fendeo “行人”; 梵文 panthah “路, 方式”; 阿维斯坦文 panta “方式”; 希腊文 pontos “开阔的海”, patein “踩, 走”; 拉丁文 pons (属性 pontis) “桥”; 古教会斯拉夫文 pǫti “路”, pęta “脚跟”; 俄语 put' “路, 方式”; 亚美尼亚文 hun “福德”, 古普鲁士文 pintis “路” ). 日耳曼语的史前意义发展应该是从“去” 到“找(出)”, 但布特坎对此有严重的怀疑.

日耳曼语 *-th- 在英语中的 -n- 后往往会变成 -d-. 日耳曼语首辅音的变化来自格林法则. 到 find out “to discover by scrutiny” 是从1550年代开始的(中古英语有一个动词, outfinden, “to find out”, 14世纪).

find (n.)

“被发现的人或物, 发现有价值的东西”, 1825年, 来自 find (五).

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Definitions of find from WordNet
1
find (v.)
come upon, as if by accident; meet with;
We find this idea in Plato
Synonyms: happen / chance / bump / encounter
find (v.)
discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of;
We found traces of lead in the paint
Synonyms: detect / observe / discover / notice
find (v.)
come upon after searching; find the location of something that was missed or lost;
Did you find your glasses?
I cannot find my gloves!
Synonyms: regain
find (v.)
establish after a calculation, investigation, experiment, survey, or study;
find the product of two numbers
The physicist who found the elusive particle won the Nobel Prize
Synonyms: determine / find out / ascertain
find (v.)
come to believe on the basis of emotion, intuitions, or indefinite grounds;
I found the movie rather entertaining
I find him to be obnoxious
Synonyms: feel
find (v.)
perceive or be contemporaneous with;
We found Republicans winning the offices
Synonyms: witness / see
find (v.)
get something or somebody for a specific purpose;
I found this gadget that will serve as a bottle opener
Synonyms: line up / get hold / come up
find (v.)
make a discovery, make a new finding;
Physicists believe they found a new elementary particle
Synonyms: discover
find (v.)
make a discovery;
She found that he had lied to her
Synonyms: discover
find (v.)
obtain through effort or management;
She found the time and energy to take care of her aging parents
We found the money to send our sons to college
find (v.)
decide on and make a declaration about;
find someone guilty
Synonyms: rule
find (v.)
receive a specified treatment (abstract);
These aspects of civilization do not find expression or receive an interpretation
Synonyms: receive / get / obtain / incur
find (v.)
perceive oneself to be in a certain condition or place;
When he woke up, he found himself in a hospital room
I found myself in a difficult situation
find (v.)
get or find back; recover the use of;
She found her voice and replied quickly
Synonyms: recover / retrieve / regain
find (v.)
succeed in reaching; arrive at;
The arrow found its mark
find (v.)
accept and make use of one's personality, abilities, and situation;
My son went to Berkeley to find himself
Synonyms: find oneself
2
find (n.)
a productive insight;
Synonyms: discovery / breakthrough
find (n.)
the act of discovering something;
Synonyms: discovery / uncovering
From wordnet.princeton.edu