find (v.)

古英语 findan “come upon, meet with; discover; obtain by search or study” (第三类强动词; 过去时 fand, 过去分词 funden), 来自于古日耳曼语 *findan “to come upon, discover” (也是古撒克逊语 findan, 古弗里斯兰语 finda, 古诺尔斯语 finna, 中荷兰语 vinden, 古高德语 findan, 德语 finden, 哥特语 finþan 的来源), 原为“来到”.

日耳曼语来自PIE词根 *pent- “踩, 走” (来源也是古高德文 fendeo “行人”; 梵文 panthah “路, 方式”; 阿维斯坦文 panta “方式”; 希腊文 pontos “开阔的海”, patein “踩, 走”; 拉丁文 pons (属性 pontis) “桥”; 古教会斯拉夫文 pǫti “路”, pęta “脚跟”; 俄语 put' “路, 方式”; 亚美尼亚文 hun “福德”, 古普鲁士文 pintis “路” ). 日耳曼语的史前意义发展应该是从“去” 到“找(出)”, 但布特坎对此有严重的怀疑.

日耳曼语 *-th- 在英语中的 -n- 后往往会变成 -d-. 日耳曼语首辅音的变化来自格林法则. 到 find out “to discover by scrutiny” 是从1550年代开始的(中古英语有一个动词, outfinden, “to find out”, 14世纪).

find (n.)

“被发现的人或物, 发现有价值的东西”, 1825年, 来自 find (五).

Definitions of find
find (v.)
come upon, as if by accident; meet with;
We find this idea in Plato
Synonyms: happen / chance / bump / encounter
find (v.)
discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of;
We found traces of lead in the paint
Synonyms: detect / observe / discover / notice
find (v.)
come upon after searching; find the location of something that was missed or lost;
Did you find your glasses?
I cannot find my gloves!
Synonyms: regain
find (v.)
establish after a calculation, investigation, experiment, survey, or study;
find the product of two numbers
The physicist who found the elusive particle won the Nobel Prize
Synonyms: determine / find out / ascertain
find (v.)
come to believe on the basis of emotion, intuitions, or indefinite grounds;
I found the movie rather entertaining
I find him to be obnoxious
Synonyms: feel
find (v.)
perceive or be contemporaneous with;
We found Republicans winning the offices
Synonyms: witness / see
find (v.)
get something or somebody for a specific purpose;
I found this gadget that will serve as a bottle opener
Synonyms: line up / get hold / come up
find (v.)
make a discovery, make a new finding;
Physicists believe they found a new elementary particle
Synonyms: discover
find (v.)
make a discovery;
She found that he had lied to her
Synonyms: discover
find (v.)
obtain through effort or management;
She found the time and energy to take care of her aging parents
We found the money to send our sons to college
find (v.)
decide on and make a declaration about;
find someone guilty
Synonyms: rule
find (v.)
receive a specified treatment (abstract);
These aspects of civilization do not find expression or receive an interpretation
Synonyms: receive / get / obtain / incur
find (v.)
perceive oneself to be in a certain condition or place;
When he woke up, he found himself in a hospital room
I found myself in a difficult situation
find (v.)
get or find back; recover the use of;
She found her voice and replied quickly
Synonyms: recover / retrieve / regain
find (v.)
succeed in reaching; arrive at;
The arrow found its mark
find (v.)
accept and make use of one's personality, abilities, and situation;
My son went to Berkeley to find himself
Synonyms: find oneself
find (n.)
a productive insight;
Synonyms: discovery / breakthrough
find (n.)
the act of discovering something;
Synonyms: discovery / uncovering