Etymology
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finance (n.)

15世纪, “终结, 结算, 报应”, 来自古法语 finance “终结, 结束; 赦免, 减免; 支付, 费用; 债务的结算” (13世纪), 行动名词来自 finer “结束, 解决争端或债务”, 来自 fin (见 fine (n. 比较中世纪拉丁文 finis “结算, 罚款或税收的付款”.

这个概念是指“结束” (通过满足) 某项应得的东西(比较希腊文 telos “结束;” 复数 tele “应得的服务, 国家征收的会费, 财政手段” ). 法义逐渐被带入英语. “赎金” (15世纪中期), “税收” (15世纪后期); “货币管理, 货币业务科学” 的意义最早记录在1770年的英语中.

finance (v.)

15世纪末, “赎金” (过时), 来自 finance (n.). “管理钱财” 的意思是从1827年开始记录的; “用钱财提供” 的意思是从1866年开始记录的. 相关链接: Financed; financing.

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Definitions of finance
1
finance (n.)
the commercial activity of providing funds and capital;
finance (n.)
the branch of economics that studies the management of money and other assets;
finance (n.)
the management of money and credit and banking and investments;
2
finance (v.)
obtain or provide money for;
Can we finance the addition to our home?
finance (v.)
sell or provide on credit;
From wordnet.princeton.edu