female (n.)

14世纪初, 来自古法语 femelle “女人, 女性” (12世纪), 来自中世纪拉丁语 femella “女性”, 来自拉丁语 femella “年轻女性, 女孩”, 是 femina “女人, 女性” 的缩略语(“女人, 女性”, 字面意思是“吸吮的人”, 来自PIE根 *dhe(i) - “吸吮” ).

WHEN the Himalayan peasant meets the he-bear in his pride,
He shouts to scare the monster, who will often turn aside.
But the she-bear thus accosted rends the peasant tooth and nail.
For the female of the species is more deadly than the male.

在古拉丁语中的意义从年轻的人类扩展到其他动物的雌性, 然后扩展到一般的女性. 比较拉丁语 masculus, 也是一个缩略语(见 masculine). 拼写在14世纪晚期在错误的模仿 male 中被改变. 在现代使用中, 通常作为一个形容词(14世纪早期). 提到带套筒和相应部件的器具是1660年代的.

Definitions of female
female (adj.)
being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces fertilizable gametes (ova) from which offspring develop;
female holly trees bear the berries
a female heir
female (adj.)
characteristic of or peculiar to a woman;
female sensitiveness
female suffrage
Synonyms: distaff
female (adj.)
for or pertaining to or composed of women or girls;
the female lead in the play
a female chorus
female (n.)
an animal that produces gametes (ova) that can be fertilized by male gametes (spermatozoa);
female (n.)
a person who belongs to the sex that can have babies;
Synonyms: female person