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female (n.)

14世纪初, 来自古法语 femelle “女人, 女性” (12世纪), 来自中世纪拉丁语 femella “女性”, 来自拉丁语 femella “年轻女性, 女孩”, 是 femina “女人, 女性” 的缩略语(“女人, 女性”, 字面意思是“吸吮的人”, 来自PIE根 *dhe(i) - “吸吮” ).

WHEN the Himalayan peasant meets the he-bear in his pride,
He shouts to scare the monster, who will often turn aside.
But the she-bear thus accosted rends the peasant tooth and nail.
For the female of the species is more deadly than the male.
[Kipling]

在古拉丁语中的意义从年轻的人类扩展到其他动物的雌性, 然后扩展到一般的女性. 比较拉丁语 masculus, 也是一个缩略语(见 masculine). 拼写在14世纪晚期在错误的模仿 male 中被改变. 在现代使用中, 通常作为一个形容词(14世纪早期). 提到带套筒和相应部件的器具是1660年代的.

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Definitions of female from WordNet
1
female (adj.)
being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces fertilizable gametes (ova) from which offspring develop;
female holly trees bear the berries
a female heir
female (adj.)
characteristic of or peculiar to a woman;
female sensitiveness
female suffrage
Synonyms: distaff
female (adj.)
for or pertaining to or composed of women or girls;
the female lead in the play
a female chorus
2
female (n.)
an animal that produces gametes (ova) that can be fertilized by male gametes (spermatozoa);
female (n.)
a person who belongs to the sex that can have babies;
Synonyms: female person
From wordnet.princeton.edu