Advertisement

fear (n.)

中古英语 fere, 来自古英语 fær “灾祸, 突然的危险, 危险, 突然的攻击”, 来自古日耳曼语 *feraz “危险” (也是古撒克逊语 far “埋伏”, 古北欧语 far “伤害, 困扰, 欺骗”, 荷兰语 gevaar, 德语 Gefahr “危险” 的来源), 来自PIE *pēr-, 是动词词根 *per- (3) “尝试, 冒险” 的加长形式.

12世纪末发展出的“害怕的状态, 由可能的危险引起的不安” 的意思 我们现在使用的“害怕” 的一些古英语词是 fyrhto, fyrhto; 作为动词, ondrædan. 意思是“恐惧的感觉和对上帝的敬畏” 是从15世纪开始的. 以 put the fear of God (进人) “恐吓, 使人畏缩” 是到1888年, 从常见的宗教短语; 扩展使用最初往往是在殖民地语境中.

Thus then we seek to put “the fear of God” into the natives at the point of the bayonet, and excuse ourselves for the bloody work on the plea of the benefits which we intend to confer afterwards. [Felix Adler, “The Religion of Duty,” 1905]

fear (v.)

古英语 fæ ran “吓唬, 吓唬”, 来自于原日耳曼语的动词形式, 其词根为 fear (n.). 同源词. 古撒克逊语 faron “卧薪尝胆”, 中荷兰语 vaeren “恐惧”, 古高德语 faren “谋反”, 古北欧语 fæ ra “嘲弄”.

原为英语中的转义词; 在这个意义上早已过时, 但在数字游戏中通过“恐惧” 法术有所复兴, 与旧义“被恐惧驱赶” 相吻合, 15世纪初有证“感到恐惧” 的意思是14世纪末相关: Feared; fearing.

Others are reading

Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of fear
1
fear (v.)
be afraid or feel anxious or apprehensive about a possible or probable situation or event;
I fear she might get aggressive
fear (v.)
be afraid or scared of; be frightened of;
I fear the winters in Moscow
We should not fear the Communists!
Synonyms: dread
fear (v.)
be sorry; used to introduce an unpleasant statement;
I fear I won't make it to your wedding party
fear (v.)
be uneasy or apprehensive about;
I fear the results of the final exams
fear (v.)
regard with feelings of respect and reverence; consider hallowed or exalted or be in awe of;
Synonyms: reverence / revere / venerate
2
fear (n.)
an emotion experienced in anticipation of some specific pain or danger (usually accompanied by a desire to flee or fight);
Synonyms: fearfulness / fright
fear (n.)
an anxious feeling;
they hushed it up out of fear of public reaction
Synonyms: concern / care
fear (n.)
a feeling of profound respect for someone or something;
the fear of God
Synonyms: reverence / awe / veneration
From wordnet.princeton.edu