father (n.)

古英语 fæder "生孩子的人,最亲近的男性祖先";也有"任何血统的男性祖先;至高无上的存在",到了古英语晚期,"对另一个人行使父母照顾的人",来自于古日耳曼语 *fader (也是古撒克逊语 fadar ,古弗里斯兰语 feder ,荷兰语 vader ,古北欧语 faðir ,古高德语 fatar ,德语 vater 的来源。在哥特语中通常用 atta ),从PIE *pəter- "父亲"(来源也是梵文 pitar- ,希腊文 pater ,拉丁文 pater ,古波斯文 pita ,古爱尔兰文 athir "父亲"),推测来自婴儿语音"pa"。"结尾以前被认为是代理名词缀。

My heart leaps up when I behold
A rainbow in the sky:
So was it when my life began;
So is it now I am a man;
So be it when I shall grow old,
Or let me die!
The Child is father of the Man;
I could wish my days to be
Bound each to each by natural piety.
[Wordsworth, 1802]

格林定律的经典例子,PIE的"p-"变成了日耳曼的"f-"。与 -th- ( 15世纪)的拼写反映了中世纪英语中广泛的语音转变,在许多单词中把 -der 变成了 -ther ,也许在这种情况下被古北欧语的形式所强化;拼写在15世纪赶上了发音(比较 mother (n.), weather (n.), hither , gather )。作为14世纪各种教会要人的头衔;意为"创造者、发明者、作者"的是14世纪中叶;"产生其他东西的任何东西"的是14世纪晚期。 作为对年长者的尊称,记载于1550年代。 Father-figure 是1954年的。 Fathers "领头人,长者"是1580年代的。

Origin and meaning of father

father (v.)

15世纪 ,来自 father (n.)。相关链接: Fathered ; fathering .

Origin and meaning of father

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Definitions of father from WordNet
father (n.)
a male parent (also used as a term of address to your father);
his father was born in Atlanta
Synonyms: male parent / begetter
father (n.)
the founder of a family;
Synonyms: forefather / sire
father (n.)
a person who holds an important or distinguished position in some organization;
the tennis fathers ruled in her favor
the city fathers endorsed the proposal
father (n.)
a person who founds or establishes some institution;
George Washington is the father of his country
Synonyms: founder / beginner / founding father
father (n.)
the head of an organized crime family;
Synonyms: don
father (v.)
make (offspring) by reproduction;
John fathered four daughters
Synonyms: beget / get / engender / mother / sire / generate / bring forth
Father (n.)
`Father' is a term of address for priests in some churches (especially the Roman Catholic Church or the Orthodox Catholic Church); `Padre' is frequently used in the military;
Synonyms: Padre
Father (n.)
(Christianity) any of about 70 theologians in the period from the 2nd to the 7th century whose writing established and confirmed official church doctrine; in the Roman Catholic Church some were later declared saints and became Doctor of the Church; the best known Latin Church Fathers are Ambrose, Augustine, Gregory the Great, and Jerome; those who wrote in Greek include Athanasius, Basil, Gregory Nazianzen, and John Chrysostom;
Synonyms: Church Father / Father of the Church
Father (n.)
God when considered as the first person in the Trinity;
Synonyms: Father-God / Fatherhood