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faith (n.)

13世纪中叶, faith, feith, fei, fai “对信任或承诺的忠诚; 对人的忠诚; 诚实, 真实”, 来自英法和古法语 feid, foi “信仰, 信念, 信任, 信心; 承诺” (11世纪), 来自拉丁文 fides “信任, 信仰, 信心, 依赖, 信服, 信念”, 来自 fidere “信任” 的词根, 来自PIE词根 *bheidh- “信任, 倾诉, 说服”. 意义演变见 belief. 适应于其他英语抽象名词的 -th (truth, health, 等等).

14世纪初起作“心灵对某一陈述的真实性的同意, 而该陈述有不完全的证据”, 特别是“对宗教事务的信仰” (与 hopecharity) 相配. 自14世纪中叶起, 指基督教会或宗教; 自14世纪末起, 指任何宗教信仰.

And faith is neither the submission of the reason, nor is it the acceptance, simply and absolutely upon testimony, of what reason cannot reach. Faith is: the being able to cleave to a power of goodness appealing to our higher and real self, not to our lower and apparent self. [Matthew Arnold, “Literature & Dogma,” 1873]

14世纪末起作“对一个人或事物的信心, 指真实性或可靠性”, 也指“一个配偶对另一个配偶的忠诚”. 在中英语中也作“宣誓”, 因此在中英语的宣誓和断言中经常使用(par ma fay, 13世纪中叶; bi my fay, 14世纪).

Origin and meaning of faith

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Definitions of faith from WordNet

faith (n.)
a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny;
he lost his faith but not his morality
Synonyms: religion / religious belief
faith (n.)
complete confidence in a person or plan etc;
he cherished the faith of a good woman
Synonyms: trust
faith (n.)
an institution to express belief in a divine power;
a member of his own faith contradicted him
Synonyms: religion / organized religion
faith (n.)
loyalty or allegiance to a cause or a person;
they broke faith with their investors
keep the faith
From wordnet.princeton.edu