faith (n.)

13世纪中叶, faithfeithfeifai "对信任或承诺的忠诚;对人的忠诚;诚实、真实",来自英法和古法语 feidfoi "信仰、信念、信任、信心;承诺"(11世纪),来自拉丁文 fides "信任、信仰、信心、依赖、信服、信念",来自 fidere "信任"的词根,来自PIE词根 *bheidh- "信任、倾诉、说服"。意义演变见 belief 。适应于其他英语抽象名词的 -th ( truth , health , 等等)。

14世纪初起作"心灵对某一陈述的真实性的同意,而该陈述有不完全的证据",特别是"对宗教事务的信仰"(与 hopecharity )相配。自14世纪中叶起,指基督教会或宗教;自14世纪末起,指任何宗教信仰。

And faith is neither the submission of the reason, nor is it the acceptance, simply and absolutely upon testimony, of what reason cannot reach. Faith is: the being able to cleave to a power of goodness appealing to our higher and real self, not to our lower and apparent self. [Matthew Arnold, "Literature & Dogma," 1873]

14世纪末起作"对一个人或事物的信心,指真实性或可靠性",也指"一个配偶对另一个配偶的忠诚"。在中英语中也作"宣誓",因此在中英语的宣誓和断言中经常使用( par ma fay ,13世纪中叶; bi my fay ,14世纪)。

Origin and meaning of faith

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Definitions of faith from WordNet

faith (n.)
a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny;
he lost his faith but not his morality
Synonyms: religion / religious belief
faith (n.)
complete confidence in a person or plan etc;
he cherished the faith of a good woman
Synonyms: trust
faith (n.)
an institution to express belief in a divine power;
a member of his own faith contradicted him
Synonyms: religion / organized religion
faith (n.)
loyalty or allegiance to a cause or a person;
they broke faith with their investors
keep the faith