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fair (adj.)

古英语 fæger "赏心悦目(指人和身体特征,也指物体、地方等);美丽、英俊、有吸引力",指天气,"明亮、晴朗、愉快;不下雨",也是古英语晚期的"道德良好",来自古日耳曼语 *fagraz (来源也是古撒克逊语 fagar ,古诺尔斯语 fagr ,瑞典语 fager ,古高德语 fagar "美丽",哥特语 fagrs "合适"),也许来自PIE *pek- (1)"使之漂亮"(来源也是立陶宛语 puošiu "我装饰")。

在提到天气时的意思保留了最古老的意义"合适的,合意的"(与 foul (adj.)相对)。在这个词的主要现代意义上,"肤色或头发和眼睛的颜色的光,不暗淡或黧黑"(人)是从13世纪开始的, faire ,与 browne ,反映了美的品味。从13世纪初起,作"合乎礼节;合乎正义",故作"公平、公正、正义、无偏见"(14世纪中叶)。

风,"不过分;有利于船只航行",出自14世纪末。 1690年代的笔迹。14世纪起为"有望带来好运,吉祥"。也是14世纪的"高于平均水平,可观,可观"。从1860年起作"比较好"。

运动意义上的( fair ball , fair catch 等)1856年开始出现。 Fair play 是来自1590年代,但不是最初的体育(早期它的意思是"愉快的娱乐",14世纪 , foul play 是"罪恶的娱乐")。 Fair-haired 在"darling,favorite"的形象意义上,是从1909年开始的。首次记录了 fair-weather friends 是来自1736年(在当年出版的教皇的一封信中,写于1730年)。 The fair sex "妇女"来自1660年代,来自"美丽"的意义( fair ,作为一个名词,意思是"一个女人",来自15世纪初)。 Fair game "合法目标"来自1776年,来自狩猎。

Others, who have not gone to such a height of audacious wickedness, have yet considered common prostitutes as fair game, which they might pursue without restraint. ["Advice from a Father to a Son, Just Entered into the Army and about to Go Abroad into Action," London, 1776]

fair (n.)

"一个城镇或城市中的既定市场;买卖或贸易的定期会议",14世纪初,来自英法 feyre (13世纪末),来自古法语 feirefaire "集市、市场;节日",来自古拉丁语 *feria "节日、市场集市",来自拉丁语 feriae "宗教节日、假日",与 festus "庄严、喜庆、欢乐"(见 feast (n.))有关。

fair (adv.)

古英语 fægere "beautifulully",出自 fæger "beautiful"(见 fair (adj.))。14世纪起作"光荣地";14世纪中叶作"正确地;直接地";1510年代起作"清楚地"。 Fair and square 来自17世纪 。 Fair-to-middling 来自1829年,牲畜市场的。

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Definitions of fair from WordNet
1
fair (adj.)
attractively feminine;
the fair sex
fair (adj.)
free from favoritism or self-interest or bias or deception; conforming with established standards or rules;
by fair means or foul
a fair fight
a fair referee
on a fair footing
fair deal
Synonyms: just
fair (adj.)
not excessive or extreme;
Synonyms: fairish / reasonable
fair (adj.)
very pleasing to the eye;
young fair maidens
Synonyms: bonny / bonnie / comely / sightly
fair (adj.)
(of a baseball) hit between the foul lines;
he hit a fair ball over the third base bag
fair (adj.)
lacking exceptional quality or ability;
only a fair performance of the sonata
in fair health
Synonyms: average / mediocre / middling
fair (adj.)
(of a manuscript) having few alterations or corrections;
fair copy
Synonyms: clean
fair (adj.)
gained or earned without cheating or stealing;
an fair penny
Synonyms: honest
fair (adj.)
free of clouds or rain;
today will be fair and warm
fair (adj.)
(used of hair or skin) pale or light-colored;
a fair complexion
Synonyms: fairish
2
fair (n.)
a traveling show; having sideshows and rides and games of skill etc.;
Synonyms: carnival / funfair
fair (n.)
gathering of producers to promote business;
trade fair
book fair
world fair
fair (n.)
a competitive exhibition of farm products;
she won a blue ribbon for her baking at the county fair
fair (n.)
a sale of miscellany; often for charity;
Synonyms: bazaar
3
fair (adv.)
in conformity with the rules or laws and without fraud or cheating;
Synonyms: fairly / clean
fair (adv.)
without favoring one party, in a fair evenhanded manner;
Synonyms: fairly / evenhandedly
4
fair (v.)
join so that the external surfaces blend smoothly;
From wordnet.princeton.edu