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fact (n.)

1530年代,"行动,所做的任何事情",特别是"恶行",来自拉丁文 factum "事件、发生、行为、成就",在中世纪的拉丁文中也是"状态、条件、情况",字面意思是"所做的事情"(来源也是古法语 fait ,西班牙语 hecho ,意大利语 fatto ),名词使用 factus 的中性词, facere 的过去分词"做"(来自PIE词根 *dhe- "设置、放")。"已知为真的事情"的主要现代意义来自1630年代,来自"实际发生过的事情"的概念。

比较 feat ,它是较早通过法语采用同一个词。 Facts "事物的真实状态(区别于信仰的陈述)"来自1630年代。 In fact "在现实中"来自1707年。 Facts of life "严酷的现实"来自1854年;"人的性功能"的委婉意义最早记录于1913年。 facts and figures 的连词对仗是从1727年开始的。

Facts and Figures are the most stubborn Evidences; they neither yield to the most persuasive Eloquence, nor bend to the most imperious Authority. [Abel Boyer, "The Political State of Great Britain," 1727]

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Definitions of fact from WordNet

fact (n.)
a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred;
first you must collect all the facts of the case
fact (n.)
a statement or assertion of verified information about something that is the case or has happened;
he supported his argument with an impressive array of facts
fact (n.)
an event known to have happened or something known to have existed;
your fears have no basis in fact
how much of the story is fact and how much fiction is hard to tell
fact (n.)
a concept whose truth can be proved;
scientific hypotheses are not facts
From wordnet.princeton.edu