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face (n.)

14世纪 ,"人的脸,面孔;面容或表情;像,形象",来自古法语 face "面孔,面容,样子,外表"(12世纪),来自古拉丁语 *facia (也是意大利语 faccia 的来源),来自拉丁语 facies "外表,形式,形象",其次是"面容,面容",字面意思可能是"强加在某物上的形式",与 facere "制造"有关(来自PIE词根 *dhe- "设置,放")。

取代了古英语 andwlita "面孔,面容"(来自 wlitan "看,看"的词根)和 ansynansien ,常用词(来自 seon "看"的词根)。印欧语系中"脸"的词通常是基于"外表、样子"的概念,大多是从"看、看"的动词派生出来的(如古英语词,希腊语 prosopon ,字面意思是"向着看",立陶宛语 veidas ,来自词根 *weid- "看"等)。但在某些情况下,如这里,"脸"的意思是"形状、形状"。在法语中,"头前"的 face ,在17世纪被放弃,取而代之的是 visage (更早的 vis ),来自拉丁文 visus "视线"。

从14世纪末起作为"外在的外观(与其他一些现实相对照)";也从14世纪末起作为"任何事物的前部或前面";也有"表面(地球或海洋)、范围(城市)"的意思。字体意义上的"形成字母的部分"是1680年代的。

Whan she cometh hoom, she raumpeth in my face And crieth 'false coward.' [Chaucer, "Monk's Tale"]

Face to face 是14世纪中叶开始的 Face time 从1990年开始证明。至 lose face "失威"(1835年),出自中文 tu lien ,故又称"失威"。 save face (1915).至 show (one's) face "做出或摆出一副样子"出自14世纪中叶( shewen the face )。要 make a face "以厌恶、嘲讽等方式改变容貌"是15世纪60年代。 Two faces under one hood ,作为重复性的形象,从15世纪中叶开始得到印证。

Two fases in a hode is neuer to tryst. ["Awake lordes," 1460]

face (v.)

"有把握的面对;表现出大胆的面孔",15世纪中叶,出自 face (n.)。从15世纪作"污损,毁容"。意为"用前面的东西遮住",来自1560年代;"把脸转向"的意思来自1630年代;意为"与之相反",来自1766年。不及物义"把脸转向"(特别是在军事战术中)来自1630年代。相关链接: Faced ; facing 。到 face the music (1850年,在美国国会辩论中)可能是戏剧性的,而不是指骑兵马。

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Definitions of face from WordNet
1
face (n.)
the front of the human head from the forehead to the chin and ear to ear;
I wish I had seen the look on his face when he got the news
he washed his face
Synonyms: human face
face (n.)
the feelings expressed on a person's face;
an angry face
Synonyms: expression / look / aspect / facial expression
face (n.)
the general outward appearance of something;
the face of the city is changing
face (n.)
the striking or working surface of an implement;
face (n.)
a part of a person that is used to refer to a person;
he looked out at a roomful of faces
when he returned to work he met many new faces
face (n.)
a surface forming part of the outside of an object;
dew dripped from the face of the leaf
they travelled across the face of the continent
Synonyms: side
face (n.)
the part of an animal corresponding to the human face;
face (n.)
the side upon which the use of a thing depends (usually the most prominent surface of an object);
he dealt the cards face down
face (n.)
a contorted facial expression;
Synonyms: grimace
face (n.)
a specific size and style of type within a type family;
Synonyms: font / fount / typeface / case
face (n.)
status in the eyes of others;
he lost face
face (n.)
impudent aggressiveness;
Synonyms: boldness / nerve / brass / cheek
face (n.)
a vertical surface of a building or cliff;
2
face (v.)
deal with (something unpleasant) head on;
He faced the terrible consequences of his mistakes
Synonyms: confront / face up
face (v.)
oppose, as in hostility or a competition;
Jackson faced Smith in the boxing ring
Synonyms: confront
face (v.)
be oriented in a certain direction, often with respect to another reference point; be opposite to;
The building faces the park
Synonyms: front / look
face (v.)
be opposite;
the two sofas face each other
face (v.)
turn so as to face; turn the face in a certain direction;
Turn and face your partner now
face (v.)
present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize;
An enormous dilemma faces us
He was faced with all the evidence and could no longer deny his actions
Synonyms: confront / present
face (v.)
turn so as to expose the face;
face a playing card
face (v.)
line the edge (of a garment) with a different material;
face the lapels of the jacket
face (v.)
cover the front or surface of;
The building was faced with beautiful stones
From wordnet.princeton.edu