face (n.)

14世纪, “人的脸, 面孔; 面容或表情; 像, 形象”, 来自古法语 face “面孔, 面容, 样子, 外表” (12世纪), 来自古拉丁语 *facia (也是意大利语 faccia 的来源), 来自拉丁语 facies “外表, 形式, 形象”, 其次是“面容, 面容”, 字面意思可能是“强加在某物上的形式”, 与 facere “制造” 有关(来自PIE词根 *dhe- “设置, 放” ).

取代了古英语 andwlita “面孔, 面容” (来自 wlitan “看, 看” 的词根) 和 ansyn, ansien, 常用词(来自 seon “看” 的词根). 印欧语系中“脸” 的词通常是基于“外表, 样子” 的概念, 大多是从“看, 看” 的动词派生出来的(如古英语词, 希腊语 prosopon, 字面意思是“向着看”, 立陶宛语 veidas, 来自词根 *weid- “看” 等). 但在某些情况下, 如这里, “脸” 的意思是“形状, 形状”. 在法语中, “头前” 的 face, 在17世纪被放弃, 取而代之的是 visage (更早的 vis), 来自拉丁文 visus “视线”.

从14世纪末起作为“外在的外观(与其他一些现实相对照)”; 也从14世纪末起作为“任何事物的前部或前面”; 也有“表面(地球或海洋), 范围(城市)” 的意思. 字体意义上的“形成字母的部分” 是1680年代的.

Whan she cometh hoom, she raumpeth in my face And crieth 'false coward. ' [Chaucer, “Monk's Tale” ]

Face to face 是14世纪中叶开始的 Face time 从1990年开始证明. 至 lose face “失威” (1835年), 出自中文 tu lien, 故又称“失威”. save face (1915). 至 show (one's) face “做出或摆出一副样子” 出自14世纪中叶(shewen the face). 要 make a face “以厌恶, 嘲讽等方式改变容貌” 是15世纪60年代. Two faces under one hood, 作为重复性的形象, 从15世纪中叶开始得到印证.

Two fases in a hode is neuer to tryst. [“Awake lordes,” 1460]

face (v.)

“有把握的面对; 表现出大胆的面孔”, 15世纪中叶, 出自 face (n.). 从15世纪作“污损, 毁容”. 意为“用前面的东西遮住”, 来自1560年代; “把脸转向” 的意思来自1630年代; 意为“与之相反”, 来自1766年. 不及物义“把脸转向” (特别是在军事战术中) 来自1630年代. 相关链接: Faced; facing. 到 face the music (1850年, 在美国国会辩论中) 可能是戏剧性的, 而不是指骑兵马.

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Definitions of face
face (n.)
the front of the human head from the forehead to the chin and ear to ear;
I wish I had seen the look on his face when he got the news
he washed his face
Synonyms: human face
face (n.)
the feelings expressed on a person's face;
an angry face
Synonyms: expression / look / aspect / facial expression
face (n.)
the general outward appearance of something;
the face of the city is changing
face (n.)
the striking or working surface of an implement;
face (n.)
a part of a person that is used to refer to a person;
he looked out at a roomful of faces
when he returned to work he met many new faces
face (n.)
a surface forming part of the outside of an object;
dew dripped from the face of the leaf
they travelled across the face of the continent
Synonyms: side
face (n.)
the part of an animal corresponding to the human face;
face (n.)
the side upon which the use of a thing depends (usually the most prominent surface of an object);
he dealt the cards face down
face (n.)
a contorted facial expression;
Synonyms: grimace
face (n.)
a specific size and style of type within a type family;
Synonyms: font / fount / typeface / case
face (n.)
status in the eyes of others;
he lost face
face (n.)
impudent aggressiveness;
Synonyms: boldness / nerve / brass / cheek
face (n.)
a vertical surface of a building or cliff;
face (v.)
deal with (something unpleasant) head on;
He faced the terrible consequences of his mistakes
Synonyms: confront / face up
face (v.)
oppose, as in hostility or a competition;
Jackson faced Smith in the boxing ring
Synonyms: confront
face (v.)
be oriented in a certain direction, often with respect to another reference point; be opposite to;
The building faces the park
Synonyms: front / look
face (v.)
be opposite;
the two sofas face each other
face (v.)
turn so as to face; turn the face in a certain direction;
Turn and face your partner now
face (v.)
present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize;
An enormous dilemma faces us
He was faced with all the evidence and could no longer deny his actions
Synonyms: confront / present
face (v.)
turn so as to expose the face;
face a playing card
face (v.)
line the edge (of a garment) with a different material;
face the lapels of the jacket
face (v.)
cover the front or surface of;
The building was faced with beautiful stones