Advertisement

exercise (n.)

14世纪中叶,"积极运作的条件;为了训练而练习",来自古法语 exercice (13世纪)"锻炼,执行权力;身体或精神锻炼",来自拉丁语 exercitium "训练,身体锻炼"(士兵,骑手等)。);"游戏;"在中世纪的拉丁语中也是艺术的意思,来自 exercitare ,频繁出现的 exercere "保持忙碌,保持工作,监督,忙于从事;训练,锻炼;练习,遵循;进行生效;干扰,不安",来自 ex "关闭"(见 ex- )+ arcere "远离,防止;包含,包围",来自PIE *ark- "持有,包含,守护"(见 arcane )。

拉丁语动词中的原始概念晦涩难懂。意为"为健身等而进行的体育活动"最早见于14世纪末的英语记载 也是从14世纪末开始作为"一种行动的进行;一种做或练习;一种纪律性的任务"。在指17世纪早期的书面功课时 结尾被抽象为形式,如 dancercise (1967); jazzercise (1977); boxercise (1985)。

exercise (v.)

14世纪末,"运用,投入积极的使用",出自 exercise (n.);原为"利用;"也是指心理和精神训练。"从事体育活动"的意义来自1650年代。也是从14世纪末开始的,意义是"训练、操练、约束、教育(某人);通过练习发展(一种技能)"。相关链接: Exercised ; exercises ; exercising .

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of exercise from WordNet
1
exercise (n.)
the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit;
the doctor recommended regular exercise
Synonyms: exercising / physical exercise / physical exertion / workout
exercise (n.)
the act of using;
exercise (n.)
systematic training by multiple repetitions;
Synonyms: practice / drill / practice session / recitation
exercise (n.)
a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding;
Synonyms: example
exercise (n.)
(usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches;
academic exercises
exercise (n.)
an action, often used negatively and without consequences;
an exercise in cheap talk
an exercise in futility
2
exercise (v.)
put to use;
Synonyms: exert
exercise (v.)
carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions;
Synonyms: practice / practise / do
exercise (v.)
give a workout to;
Some parents exercise their infants
this puzzle will exercise your mind
Synonyms: work / work out
exercise (v.)
do physical exercise;
Synonyms: work out
exercise (v.)
learn by repetition;
Synonyms: drill / practice / practise
From wordnet.princeton.edu