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exercise (n.)

14世纪中叶, “积极运作的条件; 为了训练而练习”, 来自古法语 exercice (13世纪) “锻炼, 执行权力; 身体或精神锻炼”, 来自拉丁语 exercitium “训练, 身体锻炼” (士兵, 骑手等).); “游戏;” 在中世纪的拉丁语中也是艺术的意思, 来自 exercitare, 频繁出现的 exercere “保持忙碌, 保持工作, 监督, 忙于从事; 训练, 锻炼; 练习, 遵循; 进行生效; 干扰, 不安”, 来自 ex “关闭” (见 ex-) + arcere “远离, 防止; 包含, 包围”, 来自PIE *ark- “持有, 包含, 守护” (见 arcane).

拉丁语动词中的原始概念晦涩难懂. 意为“为健身等而进行的体育活动” 最早见于14世纪末的英语记载 也是从14世纪末开始作为“一种行动的进行; 一种做或练习; 一种纪律性的任务”. 在指17世纪早期的书面功课时 结尾被抽象为形式, 如 dancercise (1967); jazzercise (1977); boxercise (1985).

exercise (v.)

14世纪末, “运用, 投入积极的使用”, 出自 exercise (n.); 原为“利用;” 也是指心理和精神训练. “从事体育活动” 的意义来自1650年代. 也是从14世纪末开始的, 意义是“训练, 操练, 约束, 教育(某人); 通过练习发展(一种技能)”. 相关链接: Exercised; exercises; exercising.

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Definitions of exercise from WordNet
1
exercise (n.)
the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit;
the doctor recommended regular exercise
Synonyms: exercising / physical exercise / physical exertion / workout
exercise (n.)
the act of using;
exercise (n.)
systematic training by multiple repetitions;
Synonyms: practice / drill / practice session / recitation
exercise (n.)
a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding;
Synonyms: example
exercise (n.)
(usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches;
academic exercises
exercise (n.)
an action, often used negatively and without consequences;
an exercise in cheap talk
an exercise in futility
2
exercise (v.)
put to use;
Synonyms: exert
exercise (v.)
carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions;
Synonyms: practice / practise / do
exercise (v.)
give a workout to;
Some parents exercise their infants
this puzzle will exercise your mind
Synonyms: work / work out
exercise (v.)
do physical exercise;
Synonyms: work out
exercise (v.)
learn by repetition;
Synonyms: drill / practice / practise
From wordnet.princeton.edu