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etymology (n.)

14世纪末, ethimolegia "一个词的起源和发展的事实",来自古法语 etimologieethimologie (14世纪,现代法语 étymologie ),来自拉丁语 etymologia ,来自希腊语 etymologia "分析一个词,找出它的真正起源",正确的说法是"研究(一个词)的真正意义",与 -logia "研究的"。a speaking of"(见 -logy )+ etymon "真谛,本义," etymos "真,实,实,"的中性词,与 eteos "真"有关,这或许是与梵文 satyah ,哥特文 sunjis ,古英语 soð "真"的同源词,来自PIE *set- "要稳定"。"被西塞罗拉丁化为 veriloquium

在古典时代,参照含义;后来,参照历史。古典词源学家,无论是基督教还是异教,他们的解释都是基于寓言和猜测,缺乏历史记录以及科学的分析方法,这门学科陷入了持续千年的不名誉。福楼拜[《接受观念词典》]写道,一般人认为,词源学是"借助于拉丁语和一点聪明才智,是世界上最简单的事情"。

作为现代语言学科学的一个分支,论述词的起源和演变,从1640年代开始。作为"对一个词的特殊历史的描述",从15世纪中期开始 相关链接: Etymological ; etymologically

As practised by Socrates in the Cratylus , etymology involves a claim about the underlying semantic content of the name, what it really means or indicates. This content is taken to have been put there by the ancient namegivers: giving an etymology is thus a matter of unwrapping or decoding a name to find the message the namegivers have placed inside. [Rachel Barney, "Socrates Agonistes: The Case of the Cratylus Etymologies," in "Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy," vol. xvi, 1998]

Origin and meaning of etymology

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Definitions of etymology from WordNet

etymology (n.)
a history of a word;
etymology (n.)
the study of the sources and development of words;
From wordnet.princeton.edu