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epidemic (adj.)

17世纪, “常见于或影响整个民族”, 最初和通常, 虽然不是词源, 指的是疾病, 来自法语 épidémique, 来自 épidemié “流行病”, 来自中世纪拉丁语 epidemia, 来自希腊语 epidemia “在一个地方停留; 流行病的流行” (特别是鼠疫), 来自 epi “在, 在” (见 epi-) + dēmos “人, 地区” (见 demotic). 另见 -ic.

epidemic (n.)

1757年, “一种流行病, 一种疾病在整个社区的暂时性流行”, 来自 epidemic (adj.); 更早的 epideme (见 epidemy). 古英语中的一个名词(在中英语中一直存在) 是 man-cwealm.

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Definitions of epidemic from WordNet
1
epidemic (n.)
a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected at the same time;
2
epidemic (adj.)
(especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously;
an epidemic outbreak of influenza
From wordnet.princeton.edu