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engineer (n.)

14世纪中叶, enginour, “军用发动机的建造者”, 来自古法语 engigneor “工程师, 建筑师, 战争发动机的制造者; 谋划者” (12世纪), 来自晚期拉丁语 ingeniare (见 engine); 一般意义上的“发明者, 设计师” 是15世纪早期的记录; 民用意义上的“发明者, 设计师” 指的是公共工程, 是17世纪的记录, 但直到19c才是这个词的普遍意义(因此, 作为 civil engineer). “机车司机” 的含义最早见于1832年, 美国英语. 在古希腊, “发动机的制造者” 是一个 mekhanopoios.

engineer (v.)

1818年, “充当工程师”, 来自 engineer (n.). 形象意义上的“安排, 策划, 引导或管理(通过聪明才智或策略)” 从1864年开始被证明, 最初是在政治背景下. 相关内容: Engineered. 中古英语有一个动词 engine “contrive, construct” (14世纪末), 也有“诱惑, 欺骗, 欺骗” (14世纪) 和“折磨” 的意思.

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Definitions of engineer from WordNet
1
engineer (v.)
design as an engineer;
He engineered the water supply project
engineer (v.)
plan and direct (a complex undertaking);
Synonyms: mastermind / direct / organize / organise / orchestrate
2
engineer (n.)
a person who uses scientific knowledge to solve practical problems;
Synonyms: applied scientist / technologist
engineer (n.)
the operator of a railway locomotive;
Synonyms: locomotive engineer / railroad engineer / engine driver
From wordnet.princeton.edu