economy (n.)

1530年代, “家庭管理”, 源于拉丁语 oeconomia (法语 économie, 西班牙语 economia, 德语 Ökonomie 等的来源), 源于希腊语 oikonomia “家庭管理, 节俭”, 源于 oikonomos “经理, 管家”, 源于 oikos “房子, 住所, 居住” (与拉丁语 vicus “地区”, vicinus “附近” 同源; 古英语 wic “居住, 村庄”, 源于PIE根 *weik- (1) “氏族” )+ nomos “管理”, 源于 nemein “管理” (源于PIE根 *nem- “分配, 配给; 拿” ). 意为“节俭, 明智地使用资源”, 出自1660年代. “国家的财富和资源” (简称 political economy) 的意义来自1650年代.

Origin and meaning of economy

economy (adj.)

1821年作为广告中的一个术语, 起初的意思只是“更便宜”, 然后是“更大, 因而单位或金额更便宜” (1950). 见 economy (n.).

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Definitions of economy from WordNet

economy (n.)
the system of production and distribution and consumption;
Synonyms: economic system
economy (n.)
the efficient use of resources;
economy of effort
economy (n.)
frugality in the expenditure of money or resources;
the Scots are famous for their economy
Synonyms: thriftiness
economy (n.)
an act of economizing; reduction in cost;
it was a small economy to walk to work every day
Synonyms: saving