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ecology (n.)

1873年, oecology, “处理生物与其环境关系的科学分支”, 德国动物学家Ernst Haeckel在德语中创造了 Ökologie, 来自希腊文 oikos “房子, 住所, 居住地” (来自PIE根 *weik- (1) “氏族” )+ -logia “研究” (见 -logy). 从20世纪60年代开始使用, 指的是反污染活动.

Origin and meaning of ecology

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Definitions of ecology from WordNet

ecology (n.)
the environment as it relates to living organisms;
it changed the ecology of the island
ecology (n.)
the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment;
Synonyms: bionomics / environmental science
From wordnet.princeton.edu