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Easter (n.)

古英语 Easterdæg, 来自 Eastre (诺桑比亚语 Eostre), 来自原日耳曼语 *austron-, “黎明”, 也是一个生育和春天的女神的名字, 也许最初是日出的女神, 她的节日是在春分时节庆祝的, 来自 *aust- “东方, 向着日出” (比较 east), 来自PIE根 *aus- (1) “照耀”, 特别是黎明的.

贝德说, 盎格鲁-撒克逊基督徒采用了她的名字和许多庆祝基督复活的弥撒的做法. 几乎所有邻近的语言都使用拉丁语的变体 Pascha, 来命名这个节日(见 paschal).

Easter egg 是由1825年证明, 更早的 pace egg (1610s). Easter bunny 是由1904年证明在儿童的教训; Easter rabbit 是由1888年; 复活节的异教习俗似乎已经变得流行20世纪; 在此之前, 他们仅限于德国移民.

If the children have no garden, they make nests in the wood-shed, barn, or house. They gather colored flowers for the rabbit to eat, that it may lay colored eggs. If there be a garden, the eggs are hidden singly in the green grass, box-wood, or elsewhere. On Easter Sunday morning they whistle for the rabbit, and the children imagine that they see him jump the fence. After church, on Easter Sunday morning, they hunt the eggs, and in the afternoon the boys go out in the meadows and crack eggs or play with them like marbles. Or sometimes children are invited to a neighbor's to hunt eggs. [Phebe Earle Gibbons, “Pennsylvania Dutch,” Philadelphia 1882]

Origin and meaning of the name Easter

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Definitions of Easter from WordNet
1
easter (n.)
a wind from the east;
Synonyms: east wind / easterly
2
Easter (n.)
a Christian celebration of the Resurrection of Christ; celebrated on the Sunday following the first full moon after the vernal equinox;
From wordnet.princeton.edu