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earth (n.)

古英语 eorþe "地面、土壤、泥土、旱地;国家、地区",也用于(与 middangeard )"(物质)世界、人类的居所"(与天堂或冥界相对),来自于原日耳曼语 *ertho (也是古弗里斯兰语 erthe "地球"、古撒克逊语 ertha 、古诺尔斯语 jörð 、中荷兰语 eerde 、荷兰语 aarde 、古高德语 erda 、德语 Erde 、哥特语 airþa ),可能来自于PIE根 *er- (2)"地球、地面"的扩展形式。

地球被认为是一个行星,从15世纪开始被如此称呼。在旧化学中的使用是1728年。 Earth-mover "大型挖掘机"是从1940年开始的。

Origin and meaning of earth

earth (v.)

"把(尸体)交到人间",14世纪末,来自 earth (n.)。相关: Earthed ; earthing

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Definitions of earth from WordNet
1
earth (n.)
the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on;
Synonyms: world / globe
earth (n.)
the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface;
they dug into the earth outside the church
Synonyms: ground
earth (n.)
the solid part of the earth's surface;
the earth shook for several minutes
Synonyms: land / dry land / ground / solid ground / terra firma
earth (n.)
the abode of mortals (as contrasted with Heaven or Hell);
it was hell on earth
earth (n.)
once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles);
earth (n.)
the concerns of this life as distinguished from heaven and the afterlife;
Synonyms: worldly concern / earthly concern / world
earth (n.)
a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage);
Synonyms: ground
2
earth (v.)
hide in the earth like a hunted animal;
earth (v.)
connect to the earth;
earth the circuit
3
Earth (n.)
the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on;
Synonyms: world / globe
Earth (n.)
the abode of mortals (as contrasted with Heaven or Hell);
it was hell on earth
From wordnet.princeton.edu