drag (v.)

14世纪晚期, draggen, “沿着河底, 湖底等处画出一条条石板. 以寻找某物;” 15世纪末, “用力拉开, 拉着拖着”, 来自古北欧语 draga, 或古英语 dragan “拉着” 的方言变体, 都来自于原日耳曼语 *draganan “拉着, 拉着”, 可能来自于PIE *dhregh- “拉着, 拖在地上” (来源还有梵语 dhrajati “拉着, 滑着”, 俄语 drogi “马车”, doroga “方式;” 与拉丁语 trahere “拉着” 的联系是可能的, 但有问题).

意为“慢慢地抽着(脚, 尾巴等) 走”, 来自1580年代; “重重地或慢慢地移动, 在移动或被移动时挂着它的重量” 的不及物意义是到1660年代. 意思是“吸一口” (烟等) 是从1914年开始的. 相关链接: Dragged; dragging. Drag-out “剧烈的战斗” 是从1859年开始的. 要 drag (one's) feet (1946年在形象的意义上是“故意拖延” )应该是来自伐木, 从懒惰的方式使用两人锯.

drag (n.)

14世纪, dragge, “dragnet”, 可能来自斯堪的纳维亚半岛(比较古北欧语 dragga “a load”, 瑞典语 dragg “grapnel” )或来自古英语 dræge “dragnet”, 与 dragan “to draw” 有关(见 drag (v.) ).

从1708年起作为“任何附着在运动体上的, 能延缓其前进的东西”. 1795年作为一种延缓或停止车轮转动的装置的名称. “恼人的, 无聊的人或物” 的意义是1813年, 也许来自机械感或必须拖动的东西的概念, 作为一种障碍.

“男人穿的女装” 的意义是到1870年, 也许最初是戏剧俚语, 来自长裙拖在地上的感觉(另一种猜测是意第绪语 trogn “穿”, 来自德语 tragen); drag queen “男性易装癖者或变装癖者” 是1941年的.

Drag “赛车” (1947年), 据说来自小偷的俚语 drag “汽车” (1935年), 也许最终来自俚语意义上的“马车, 越野车” (1755年), 因为有马会拖着它. 到了1851年转为“街道”, 如 main drag (有人提出这是赛车意义的来源).

In addition to the time trials there are a number of “drag races” between two or more cars. They are run, not for record, but to satisfy the desire of most Americans to see who can get from here to there in the fastest time. [Popular Mechanics, January 1947]

updated on August 18, 2020

Definitions of drag from WordNet
drag (v.)
pull, as against a resistance;
He dragged the big suitcase behind him
These worries were dragging at him
drag (v.)
draw slowly or heavily;
Synonyms: haul / hale / cart
drag (v.)
force into some kind of situation, condition, or course of action;
don't drag me into this business
Synonyms: embroil / tangle / sweep / sweep up / drag in
drag (v.)
move slowly and as if with great effort;
drag (v.)
to lag or linger behind;
But in so many other areas we still are dragging
Synonyms: trail / get behind / hang back / drop behind / drop back
drag (v.)
suck in or take (air);
Synonyms: puff / draw
drag (v.)
use a computer mouse to move icons on the screen and select commands from a menu;
drag this icon to the lower right hand corner of the screen
drag (v.)
walk without lifting the feet;
Synonyms: scuff
drag (v.)
search (as the bottom of a body of water) for something valuable or lost;
Synonyms: dredge
drag (v.)
persuade to come away from something attractive or interesting;
He dragged me away from the television set
drag (v.)
proceed for an extended period of time;
The speech dragged on for two hours
Synonyms: drag on / drag out
drag (n.)
the phenomenon of resistance to motion through a fluid;
Synonyms: retarding force
drag (n.)
something that slows or delays progress;
taxation is a drag on the economy
too many laws are a drag on the use of new land
drag (n.)
something tedious and boring;
peeling potatoes is a drag
drag (n.)
clothing that is conventionally worn by the opposite sex (especially women's clothing when worn by a man);
he went to the party dressed in drag
the waitresses looked like missionaries in drag
drag (n.)
a slow inhalation (as of tobacco smoke);
he took a drag on his cigarette and expelled the smoke slowly
Synonyms: puff / pull
drag (n.)
the act of dragging (pulling with force);
the drag up the hill exhausted him
From, not affiliated with etymonline.