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dope (n.)

1807年,美式英语,"sauce,gravy;any thick liquid",来自荷兰语 doop "thick dipping sauce",来自 doopen "to dip"(见 dip (v.))。到19世纪末普遍用于任何未知成分的混合物或制剂。

到1889年扩展为"麻醉药",源于吸食半液态鸦片制剂的做法。"愚蠢、愚蠢的人"的含义比这更早(1851年),可能来自"厚道"的概念,后来与"被麻醉品迷昏"的概念联系起来。

"内幕消息"(1901年)的意义可能来自于赛前知道哪匹马被下药影响了成绩(到 dope (v.)在这个意义上的证明是1900年)。 Dope-fiend 是从1896年开始证明的,"鸦片习惯的受害者"。

dope (v.)

"给药",1889年,来自 dope (n.)。相关链接: Doped ; doping

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Definitions of dope from WordNet
1
dope (n.)
street names for marijuana;
Synonyms: pot / grass / green goddess / weed / gage / sess / sens / smoke / skunk / locoweed / Mary Jane
dope (n.)
an ignorant or foolish person;
Synonyms: dumbbell / dummy / boob / booby / pinhead
dope (n.)
carbonated drink flavored with extract from kola nuts (`dope' is a southernism in the United States);
Synonyms: cola
dope (n.)
slang terms for inside information;
is that the straight dope?
Synonyms: poop / the skinny / low-down
2
dope (v.)
take drugs to improve one's athletic performance;
dope (v.)
add impurities to (a semiconductor) in order to produce or modify its properties;
The resistors have been doped
dope (v.)
give a narcotic to;
The athletes were dope by the coach before the race
Synonyms: dope up
From wordnet.princeton.edu