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doctor (n.)

14世纪 , doctour ,"教会之父",来自古法语 doctour ,直接来自中世纪拉丁语 doctor "宗教教师、顾问、学者",在古典拉丁语中为"教师",代理名词,来自 docere "显示、教导、使人知道",原为"使显得正确", decere "似乎、合适"的因果关系(来自PIE根 *dek- "采取、接受")。

意为"大学最高学位的持有者,通过了一个学院的所有学位,从而被授权教授其中包括的科目的人",来自14世纪晚期 因此"教师,教员,有学问的人;熟练于一个有学问的专业的人"(14世纪晚期)。

"医学专业人员,有正式行医执照的人"(取代本地 leech (n.2))的意义是从15世纪开始逐渐发展起来的,尽管这个词的使用直到16世纪晚期才很普遍。过渡阶段在乔叟的 Doctor of phesike (拉丁文 physica ,在中世纪的拉丁文中被广泛用于 medicina )。

That no man ... practyse in Fisyk ... but he be Bacheler or Doctour of Fisyk, havynge Lettres testimonyalx sufficeantz of on of those degrees of the Universite. [Rolls of Parliament, 1421]

中世纪英语也用 medicin 表示"一个医生"(15世纪中期),来自法语。相当于 doctor 的类似用法在大多数欧洲语言中都是通俗的。意大利语 dottore ,法语 docteur ,德语 doktor ,立陶宛语 daktaras ,尽管这些语言中通常不是医者的主要词汇。类似的演变,比较梵文 vaidya- "医者",字面意思是"精通科学的人"。德语 Arzt ,荷兰语 arts 来自晚期拉丁语 archiater ,来自希腊语 arkhiatros "首席医师",因此是"宫廷医生"。法语 médecin 是由 médicine 后演变而来,取代了古法语 miege ,来自拉丁语 medicus

词组 what the doctor ordered "正好"是由1914年证明的。

Origin and meaning of doctor

doctor (v.)

1590年代,"授予医生学位",出自 doctor (n.)。意为"以医生的身份对待,对其进行医疗",出自1712年;"改变、伪装以达到欺骗、伪造的目的"的意义出自1774年。相关链接: Doctored ; doctoring .

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Definitions of doctor from WordNet
1
doctor (v.)
alter and make impure, as with the intention to deceive;
Synonyms: sophisticate / doctor up
doctor (v.)
give medical treatment to;
doctor (v.)
restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken;
Synonyms: repair / mend / fix / bushel / furbish up / restore / touch on
2
doctor (n.)
a licensed medical practitioner;
I felt so bad I went to see my doctor
Synonyms: doc / physician / md / Dr. / medico
doctor (n.)
children take the roles of physician or patient or nurse and pretend they are at the physician's office;
the children explored each other's bodies by playing the game of doctor
doctor (n.)
a person who holds Ph.D. degree (or the equivalent) from an academic institution;
she is a doctor of philosophy in physics
Synonyms: Dr.
3
Doctor (n.)
(Roman Catholic Church) a title conferred on 33 saints who distinguished themselves through the orthodoxy of their theological teaching;
Synonyms: Doctor of the Church
From wordnet.princeton.edu