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do (v.)

“执行, 执行, 实现, 进行, 通过任何一种程序使之通过” 等, 中古英语 do, 古英语 don “使, 行动, 执行, 引起; 把, 放置” 的第一人称单数, 来自西日耳曼语 *doanan (也是古撒克逊语 duan, 古弗里斯兰语 dwa, 荷兰语 doen, 古高德语 tuon, 德语 tun), 来自PIE根 *dhe- “设置, 放置, 放置”.

作为助词使用始于中古英语. 除了在短语中, 如 do away with, “放, 置, 铺” 的意义已经过时. 消极句中的词周形式(They did not think) 取代了古英语中的消极粒子(Hie ne wendon).

意思是“作为旅游者参观”, 出自1817年. 在古俚语中的意思是“骗人, 欺骗, 诈骗” (1640年代). 俚语中的意思是“与或做性行为”, 来自1913年.

俚语 do in “招致灾难, 杀戮” 是到1905年. 要 have to do with “关心或与之有关” 是13世纪末至. do without “dispense with” 是1713年的说法. Expression do or die 表示不顾危险或障碍而成功的决心, 从1620年代就有证据.

比较 does, did, done.

do (n.1)

1590年代, “骚动, 麻烦” (此义现已过时), 出自 do (五). 1630年代起作“做的行为”; 到1824年作“以一套或正式的方式做的事情”; 到1835年作“欺骗, 诈骗”. 短语 do's and dont's “出了不该做的事” (各种转义) 到1899年是.

do (n.2)

二声部音阶的第一个(也是最后一个) 音, 到1754年, 来自 do, 为了音质的缘故, 用来代替 ut (见 gamut), 最早在意大利和德国使用. 美国俚语 do-re-mi “钱” 出自20世纪20年代, 可能是对 dough “现金” 俚语意义上的双关语.

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Definitions of do from WordNet
1
do (v.)
engage in;
do nothing
do research
Synonyms: make
do (v.)
carry out or perform an action;
John did the painting, the weeding, and he cleaned out the gutters
she did a little dance
Synonyms: perform / execute
do (v.)
get (something) done;
I did my job
Synonyms: perform
do (v.)
proceed or get along;
How is she doing in her new job?
Synonyms: fare / make out / come / get along
do (v.)
give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally;
Synonyms: cause / make
do (v.)
carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions;
Synonyms: practice / practise / exercise
do (v.)
be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity;
Will $100 do?
Synonyms: suffice / answer / serve
do (v.)
create or design, often in a certain way;
I did this piece in wood to express my love for the forest
Synonyms: make
do (v.)
behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself;
What makes her do this way?
Synonyms: act / behave
do (v.)
spend time in prison or in a labor camp;
He did six years for embezzlement
Synonyms: serve
do (v.)
carry on or function;
We could do with a little more help around here
Synonyms: manage
do (v.)
arrange attractively;
Synonyms: dress / arrange / set / coif / coiffe / coiffure
do (v.)
travel or traverse (a distance);
We did 6 miles on our hike every day
2
do (n.)
an uproarious party;
Synonyms: bash / brawl
do (n.)
the syllable naming the first (tonic) note of any major scale in solmization;
Synonyms: doh / ut
do (n.)
doctor's degree in osteopathy;
Synonyms: Doctor of Osteopathy
From wordnet.princeton.edu