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do (v.)

"执行,执行,实现,进行,通过任何一种程序使之通过"等,中古英语 do ,古英语 don "使,行动,执行,引起;把,放置"的第一人称单数,来自西日耳曼语 *doanan (也是古撒克逊语 duan ,古弗里斯兰语 dwa ,荷兰语 doen ,古高德语 tuon ,德语 tun ),来自PIE根 *dhe- "设置,放置,放置"。

作为助词使用始于中古英语。除了在短语中,如 do away with ,"放、置、铺"的意义已经过时。消极句中的词周形式( They did not think )取代了古英语中的消极粒子( Hie ne wendon )。

意思是"作为旅游者参观",出自1817年。在古俚语中的意思是"骗人、欺骗、诈骗"(1640年代)。俚语中的意思是"与或做性行为",来自1913年。

俚语 do in "招致灾难、杀戮"是到1905年。要 have to do with "关心或与之有关"是13世纪末至。 do without "dispense with"是1713年的说法。 Expression do or die 表示不顾危险或障碍而成功的决心,从1620年代就有证据。

比较 doesdiddone

do (n.1)

1590年代,"骚动、麻烦"(此义现已过时),出自 do (五)。1630年代起作"做的行为";到1824年作"以一套或正式的方式做的事情";到1835年作"欺骗、诈骗"。短语 do's and dont's "出了不该做的事"(各种转义)到1899年是。

do (n.2)

二声部音阶的第一个(也是最后一个)音,到1754年,来自 do ,为了音质的缘故,用来代替 ut (见 gamut ),最早在意大利和德国使用。美国俚语 do-re-mi "钱"出自20世纪20年代,可能是对 dough "现金"俚语意义上的双关语。

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Definitions of do from WordNet
1
do (v.)
engage in;
do nothing
do research
Synonyms: make
do (v.)
carry out or perform an action;
John did the painting, the weeding, and he cleaned out the gutters
she did a little dance
Synonyms: perform / execute
do (v.)
get (something) done;
I did my job
Synonyms: perform
do (v.)
proceed or get along;
How is she doing in her new job?
Synonyms: fare / make out / come / get along
do (v.)
give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally;
Synonyms: cause / make
do (v.)
carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions;
Synonyms: practice / practise / exercise
do (v.)
be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity;
Will $100 do?
Synonyms: suffice / answer / serve
do (v.)
create or design, often in a certain way;
I did this piece in wood to express my love for the forest
Synonyms: make
do (v.)
behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself;
What makes her do this way?
Synonyms: act / behave
do (v.)
spend time in prison or in a labor camp;
He did six years for embezzlement
Synonyms: serve
do (v.)
carry on or function;
We could do with a little more help around here
Synonyms: manage
do (v.)
arrange attractively;
Synonyms: dress / arrange / set / coif / coiffe / coiffure
do (v.)
travel or traverse (a distance);
We did 6 miles on our hike every day
2
do (n.)
an uproarious party;
Synonyms: bash / brawl
do (n.)
the syllable naming the first (tonic) note of any major scale in solmization;
Synonyms: doh / ut
do (n.)
doctor's degree in osteopathy;
Synonyms: Doctor of Osteopathy
From wordnet.princeton.edu