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divide (v.)

14世纪初,"分开成部分或碎片",来自拉丁文 dividere "强行分开、劈开、分配",来自 dis- "分开"(见 dis- )+ -videre "分开"的同化形式,根据de Vaan的说法,它来自PIE *(d)uid- "分开、区分"(也是梵文 avidhat "分配"、古阿维斯坦 vida- "献身"的来源)。他写道:"原PIE动词...。(在拉丁语中成为主题)的意思是'一分为二,分开'。它通过在下一个齿停前面的异化而失去了最初的*d-,并被拉丁文 dis- "加强了...."。也可比较 devise

据考证,从14世纪末开始,它的意思是"切断联合或联系",也有"disunite,引起意见分歧"的意思。Intransitive sense of "become separated into parts" is from 1520s.数学意义上的"进行除法运算"是从15世纪初 Divide and rule ( 17世纪 )翻译成拉丁文 divide et impera ,是马基雅维利的格言。相关链接: Divided ; dividing

divide (n.)

1640年代,"分界行为",出自 divide (五)。意为"分水岭,河谷之间的分隔",到1807年美国英语记载。

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Definitions of divide from WordNet
1
divide (v.)
separate into parts or portions;
divide the cake into three equal parts
Synonyms: split / split up / separate / dissever / carve up
divide (v.)
perform a division;
Can you divide 49 by seven?
Synonyms: fraction
divide (v.)
act as a barrier between; stand between;
The mountain range divides the two countries
Synonyms: separate
divide (v.)
come apart;
Synonyms: separate / part
divide (v.)
make a division or separation;
Synonyms: separate
divide (v.)
force, take, or pull apart;
Synonyms: separate / disunite / part
2
divide (n.)
a serious disagreement between two groups of people (typically producing tension or hostility);
divide (n.)
a ridge of land that separates two adjacent river systems;
Synonyms: watershed / water parting
From wordnet.princeton.edu