diversity (n.)

14世纪中期, diversite, “多样性, 多样性;” 14世纪后期, “多样性的品质, 两个或两个以上的事物或种类之间的差异事实; 多样性; 分离性; 两个或两个以上的事物不同的地方”, 多为中性意义, 来自古法语 diversete “差异, 多样性, 独特的特征, 奇异性.” 也是“邪恶, 反常” (12世纪, 现代法语 diversité), 来自拉丁语 diversitatem (代名词 diversitas) “反差, 矛盾, 分歧;” 也是次要意义上的“差异, 多样性”, 来自 diversus “不同的方式” (晚期拉丁语“各种” ), divertere 的过去分词(见 divert).

负面意义, “反常, 与合意的或正确的东西相反; 冲突, 纷争; 反常, 邪恶” 从14世纪末就存在于英语中, 但从17世纪起就过时了. 多样性作为一个国家的美德, 是1790年代现代民主政体兴起的一种观念, 它使一个派别不至于僭越所有的权力(但这不完全是现代意义上的, 因为种族, 性别, 性身份等都不是心目中的品质).

The dissimilarity in the ingredients which will compose the national government, and still more in the manner in which they will be brought into action in its various branches, must form a powerful obstacle to a concert of views in any partial scheme of elections. There is sufficient diversity in the state of property, in the genius, manners, and habits of the people of the different parts of the Union, to occasion a material diversity of disposition in their representatives towards the different ranks and conditions in society. [“The Federalist,” No. 60, Feb. 26, 1788 (Hamilton) ]

到1992年, 具体关注(在积极意义上) 种族, 性别等问题, “以前代表性不足的少数群体身份的人的融入和可见性”.

Origin and meaning of diversity

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Definitions of diversity from WordNet

diversity (n.)
noticeable heterogeneity;
a diversity of possibilities
Synonyms: diverseness / multifariousness / variety
diversity (n.)
the condition or result of being changeable;