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discipline (n.)

13世纪, “忏悔性的责罚; 为改正而惩罚”, 来自古法语 descepline “纪律, 体罚; 教导; 痛苦; 殉道” (11世纪, 现代法语 discipline), 也直接来自拉丁语 disciplina “给予的教导, 教学, 学习, 知识”, 也是“教导的对象, 知识, 科学, 军事纪律”, 来自 discipulus “学生, 学生, 追随者” (见 disciple (n.) ).

拉丁文词在古英语中的词汇是由 þeodscipe. 意为“纠正或惩罚的待遇”, 来自“教学所必需的秩序” 的概念.

意为“教学或教育的分支” 最早记载于14世纪末 意为“规章制度” 来自14世纪中叶 意为“军事训练” 来自15世纪末, 通过“训练听从命令, 按规则行事” 的概念; “因训练而有秩序的行为” 来自16世纪. “规范教会活动的制度, 约束教会主体行为的法律” 的含义是1570年代的.

Origin and meaning of discipline

discipline (v.)

14世纪, disciplinen, “使之受到(忏悔性的) 惩戒, 纠正, 责备, 惩罚”, 来自古法语 descepliner, 直接来自中世纪拉丁语 disciplinare, 来自拉丁语 disciplina (见 discipline (n.) ). 意为“指导, 教育, 训练”, 来自14世纪末 相关: Disciplined; disciplines; disciplining.

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Definitions of discipline from WordNet
1
discipline (n.)
a branch of knowledge;
in what discipline is his doctorate?
Synonyms: subject / subject area / subject field / field / field of study / study / bailiwick
discipline (n.)
a system of rules of conduct or method of practice;
he quickly learned the discipline of prison routine
for such a plan to work requires discipline
discipline (n.)
the trait of being well behaved;
he insisted on discipline among the troops
discipline (n.)
training to improve strength or self-control;
discipline (n.)
the act of disciplining;
the offenders deserved the harsh discipline they received
Synonyms: correction
2
discipline (v.)
develop (a child's or animal's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control;
Parents must discipline their children
Synonyms: train / check / condition
discipline (v.)
punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience;
The teacher disciplined the pupils rather frequently
Synonyms: correct / sort out
From wordnet.princeton.edu