discipline (n.)

13世纪 ,"忏悔性的责罚;为改正而惩罚",来自古法语 descepline "纪律,体罚;教导;痛苦;殉道"(11世纪,现代法语 discipline ),也直接来自拉丁语 disciplina "给予的教导,教学,学习,知识",也是"教导的对象,知识,科学,军事纪律",来自 discipulus "学生,学生,追随者"(见 disciple (n.))。

拉丁文词在古英语中的词汇是由 þeodscipe 。意为"纠正或惩罚的待遇",来自"教学所必需的秩序"的概念。

意为"教学或教育的分支"最早记载于14世纪末 意为"规章制度"来自14世纪中叶 意为"军事训练"来自15世纪末,通过"训练听从命令,按规则行事"的概念;"因训练而有秩序的行为"来自16世纪 。"规范教会活动的制度,约束教会主体行为的法律"的含义是1570年代的。

Origin and meaning of discipline

discipline (v.)

14世纪 , disciplinen ,"使之受到(忏悔性的)惩戒、纠正、责备、惩罚",来自古法语 descepliner ,直接来自中世纪拉丁语 disciplinare ,来自拉丁语 disciplina (见 discipline (n.))。意为"指导、教育、训练",来自14世纪末 相关: Disciplined ; disciplines ; disciplining

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Definitions of discipline from WordNet
discipline (n.)
a branch of knowledge;
in what discipline is his doctorate?
Synonyms: subject / subject area / subject field / field / field of study / study / bailiwick
discipline (n.)
a system of rules of conduct or method of practice;
he quickly learned the discipline of prison routine
for such a plan to work requires discipline
discipline (n.)
the trait of being well behaved;
he insisted on discipline among the troops
discipline (n.)
training to improve strength or self-control;
discipline (n.)
the act of disciplining;
the offenders deserved the harsh discipline they received
Synonyms: correction
discipline (v.)
develop (a child's or animal's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control;
Parents must discipline their children
Synonyms: train / check / condition
discipline (v.)
punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience;
The teacher disciplined the pupils rather frequently
Synonyms: correct / sort out