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disaster (n.)

"任何具有毁灭或痛苦性质的事情;任何不幸的事件",特别是突发的或巨大的不幸,1590年代,来自法语 désastre (1560年代),来自意大利语 disastro, ,字面意思是"病星",来自 dis- ,这里只是贬义,相当于英语 mis- "病"(见 dis- )+ astro "星,行星",来自拉丁语 astrum ,来自希腊语 astron "星"(来自PIE根 *ster- (2)"星")。

意义是占星学上的,指灾祸归咎于行星的不利位置,这里的"星"可能是指占星学上的"命运、幸运、命运"。比较中世纪拉丁文 astrum sinistrum "不幸",字面意思是"倒霉的星星",英文 ill-starred

Origin and meaning of disaster

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Definitions of disaster from WordNet

disaster (n.)
a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune;
his policies were a disaster
Synonyms: catastrophe
disaster (n.)
an event resulting in great loss and misfortune;
the earthquake was a disaster
disaster (n.)
an act that has disastrous consequences;
From wordnet.princeton.edu