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disaster (n.)

“任何具有毁灭或痛苦性质的事情; 任何不幸的事件”, 特别是突发的或巨大的不幸, 1590年代, 来自法语 désastre (1560年代), 来自意大利语 disastro,, 字面意思是“病星”, 来自 dis-, 这里只是贬义, 相当于英语 mis- “病” (见 dis-) + astro “星, 行星”, 来自拉丁语 astrum, 来自希腊语 astron “星” (来自PIE根 *ster- (2) “星” ).

意义是占星学上的, 指灾祸归咎于行星的不利位置, 这里的“星” 可能是指占星学上的“命运, 幸运, 命运”. 比较中世纪拉丁文 astrum sinistrum “不幸”, 字面意思是“倒霉的星星”, 英文 ill-starred.

Origin and meaning of disaster

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Definitions of disaster from WordNet

disaster (n.)
a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune;
his policies were a disaster
Synonyms: catastrophe
disaster (n.)
an event resulting in great loss and misfortune;
the earthquake was a disaster
disaster (n.)
an act that has disastrous consequences;
From wordnet.princeton.edu