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diagnosis (n.)

"科学的辨别",特别是在病理学中,"从症状中识别疾病",1680年代,医学拉丁文应用希腊文 diagnōsis "一个辨别,区分",来自 diagignōskein "辨别,区分"的词干,字面意思是"彻底了解"或"分开(从另一个)了解",来自 dia "之间"(见 dia- )+ gignōskein "学习,来了解",来自PIE根 *gno- "了解"。

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Definitions of diagnosis from WordNet

diagnosis (n.)
identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon;
Synonyms: diagnosing
From wordnet.princeton.edu