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design (v.)

14世纪晚期,"制作、塑造",最终来自拉丁文 designare "标记出来,指出;设计;选择、指定、任命",来自 de "出来"(见 de- )+ signare "标记",来自 signum "识别标记、标志"(见 sign (n.))。

16世纪意大利语动词 disegnare ,发展了"谋划、策划、打算"和"画、画、绣等"的意义。法语从意大利语中以不同的形式接受了这两种意义,并将其传给英语,英语在所有意义上都使用 design

从1540年代起作"计划或大纲,形成方案";从1703年起作"为目的而谋划"。转义意义上的"画出轮廓或图形",尤其是画出拟议中的作品的轮廓或图形,来自1630年代;意义上的"计划和执行,用艺术技巧时尚"来自1660年代。Intransitive sense of "do original work in a graphic or plastic art" is by 1854.在17世纪的英语中也有使用,意思是现在附在 designate 。相关链接: Designed ; designing .

design (n.)

1580年代,"心中的计划或方案",来自法语 desseign, desseing "目的、项目、设计",来自法语动词(见 design (v.))。尤其是"以某种特定方式行事的意图",通常是做一些有害或非法的事情(1704);比较 designing 。意为"采取手段达到目的",出自1660年代。

在艺术中,"一幅画,特别是一个轮廓",1630年代。 dessin 艺术意义上,从意大利语 disegno ,从 disegnare "标出",从拉丁语 designare "标出、设计、选择、指定、任命"(最终也是英语动词的来源),从 de "出"(见 de- )+ signare "标记",从 signum "识别标记、标志"(见 sign (n.))。

[T]he artistic sense was taken into Fr. and gradually differentiated in spelling, so that in mod.F. dessein is 'purpose, plan', dessin 'design in art'. Eng. on the contrary uses design , conformed to the verb, in both senses. [OED]

一般(非scheming)的意思是"一个计划我们的大纲",来自1590年代。意为"艺术原则的实际应用",出自1630年代。意思是"艺术细节,去组成一个大厦,艺术创作,或装饰作品"是从1640年代。

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Definitions of design from WordNet
1
design (v.)
make or work out a plan for; devise;
design a new sales strategy
Synonyms: plan / project / contrive
design (v.)
plan something for a specific role or purpose or effect;
This room is not designed for work
design (v.)
create the design for; create or execute in an artistic or highly skilled manner;
Chanel designed the famous suit
design (v.)
make a design of; plan out in systematic, often graphic form;
design a better mousetrap
Synonyms: plan
design (v.)
create designs;
Dupont designs for the house of Chanel
design (v.)
conceive or fashion in the mind; invent;
She designed a good excuse for not attending classes that day
design (v.)
intend or have as a purpose;
She designed to go far in the world of business
2
design (n.)
the act of working out the form of something (as by making a sketch or outline or plan);
he contributed to the design of a new instrument
Synonyms: designing
design (n.)
an arrangement scheme;
it was an excellent design for living
the awkward design of the keyboard made operation difficult
Synonyms: plan
design (n.)
something intended as a guide for making something else;
Synonyms: blueprint / pattern
design (n.)
a decorative or artistic work;
the coach had a design on the doors
Synonyms: pattern / figure
design (n.)
an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions;
he made no secret of his designs
Synonyms: purpose / intent / intention / aim
design (n.)
a preliminary sketch indicating the plan for something;
the design of a building
design (n.)
the creation of something in the mind;
Synonyms: invention / innovation / excogitation / conception
From wordnet.princeton.edu