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design (v.)

14世纪晚期, “制作, 塑造”, 最终来自拉丁文 designare “标记出来, 指出; 设计; 选择, 指定, 任命”, 来自 de “出来” (见 de-) + signare “标记”, 来自 signum “识别标记, 标志” (见 sign (n.) ).

16世纪意大利语动词 disegnare, 发展了“谋划, 策划, 打算” 和“画, 画, 绣等” 的意义. 法语从意大利语中以不同的形式接受了这两种意义, 并将其传给英语, 英语在所有意义上都使用 design.

从1540年代起作“计划或大纲, 形成方案”; 从1703年起作“为目的而谋划”. 转义意义上的“画出轮廓或图形”, 尤其是画出拟议中的作品的轮廓或图形, 来自1630年代; 意义上的“计划和执行, 用艺术技巧时尚” 来自1660年代. Intransitive sense of “do original work in a graphic or plastic art” is by 1854. 在17世纪的英语中也有使用, 意思是现在附在 designate. 相关链接: Designed; designing.

design (n.)

1580年代, “心中的计划或方案”, 来自法语 desseign, desseing “目的, 项目, 设计”, 来自法语动词(见 design (v.) ). 尤其是“以某种特定方式行事的意图”, 通常是做一些有害或非法的事情(1704); 比较 designing. 意为“采取手段达到目的”, 出自1660年代.

在艺术中, “一幅画, 特别是一个轮廓”, 1630年代. dessin 艺术意义上, 从意大利语 disegno, 从 disegnare “标出”, 从拉丁语 designare “标出, 设计, 选择, 指定, 任命” (最终也是英语动词的来源), 从 de “出” (见 de-) + signare “标记”, 从 signum “识别标记, 标志” (见 sign (n.) ).

[T]he artistic sense was taken into Fr. and gradually differentiated in spelling, so that in mod. F. dessein is 'purpose, plan', dessin 'design in art'. Eng. on the contrary uses design, conformed to the verb, in both senses. [OED]

一般(非scheming) 的意思是“一个计划我们的大纲”, 来自1590年代. 意为“艺术原则的实际应用”, 出自1630年代. 意思是“艺术细节, 去组成一个大厦, 艺术创作, 或装饰作品” 是从1640年代.

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Definitions of design from WordNet
1
design (v.)
make or work out a plan for; devise;
design a new sales strategy
Synonyms: plan / project / contrive
design (v.)
plan something for a specific role or purpose or effect;
This room is not designed for work
design (v.)
create the design for; create or execute in an artistic or highly skilled manner;
Chanel designed the famous suit
design (v.)
make a design of; plan out in systematic, often graphic form;
design a better mousetrap
Synonyms: plan
design (v.)
create designs;
Dupont designs for the house of Chanel
design (v.)
conceive or fashion in the mind; invent;
She designed a good excuse for not attending classes that day
design (v.)
intend or have as a purpose;
She designed to go far in the world of business
2
design (n.)
the act of working out the form of something (as by making a sketch or outline or plan);
he contributed to the design of a new instrument
Synonyms: designing
design (n.)
an arrangement scheme;
it was an excellent design for living
the awkward design of the keyboard made operation difficult
Synonyms: plan
design (n.)
something intended as a guide for making something else;
Synonyms: blueprint / pattern
design (n.)
a decorative or artistic work;
the coach had a design on the doors
Synonyms: pattern / figure
design (n.)
an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions;
he made no secret of his designs
Synonyms: purpose / intent / intention / aim
design (n.)
a preliminary sketch indicating the plan for something;
the design of a building
design (n.)
the creation of something in the mind;
Synonyms: invention / innovation / excogitation / conception
From wordnet.princeton.edu