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death (n.)

古英语 deaþ "生命的完全停止,死亡的行为或事实,死亡的状态;死亡的原因",复数为"鬼魂",来自于原日耳曼语 *dauthuz (也是古撒克逊语 doth ,古弗里斯兰语 dath ,荷兰语 dood ,古高德语 tod ,德语 Tod ,古北欧语 dauði ,丹麦语 død ,瑞典语 död ,哥特语 dauus "死亡"的来源),来自于动词干 *dau- ,可能来自于PIE词根 *dheu- (3)"死"(见 die (v.))。带有原日耳曼语 *-thuz 后缀,表示"行为、过程、条件"。

I would not that death should take me asleep. I would not have him meerly seise me, and onely declare me to be dead, but win me, and overcome me. When I must shipwrack, I would do it in a sea, where mine impotencie might have some excuse; not in a sullen weedy lake, where I could not have so much as exercise for my swimming. [John Donne, letter to Sir Henry Goodere, Sept. 1608]

无生命的事物中,"停止,结束",14世纪末 从12世纪末开始作为"死亡的人格化,骨架作为死亡的形象"。作为"一场瘟疫,一场巨大的死亡",14世纪末(指第一次爆发的鼠疫,比较 Black Death )。 Death's-head ,是死亡的象征,是1590年代的。 Death's door "濒临死亡"是1540年代的说法。

作为动词加强语"死,死地"(如:"死")。 hate (something) to death )1610年代;更早的 to dead (14世纪初)。俚语 be death on "擅长"是1839年的。要 be the death of "成为死亡的原因或场合"见于莎士比亚(1596)。词条:"死因或场合"在莎士比亚(1596年)中。 a fate worse than death 是1810年的,虽然这个想法很古老。

Death row "专门为被判死刑的人设立的监狱的一部分"是1912年的。 Death knell 是由1814年证明的。 death penalty "死刑"是1844年的 death rate 从1859年开始 Death-throes "在某些情况下伴随着死亡的斗争"是14世纪的。

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Definitions of death from WordNet
1
death (n.)
the event of dying or departure from life;
her death came as a terrible shock
Synonyms: decease / expiry
death (n.)
the permanent end of all life functions in an organism or part of an organism;
the animal died a painful death
death (n.)
the absence of life or state of being dead;
he seemed more content in death than he had ever been in life
death (n.)
the time when something ends;
it was the death of all his plans
Synonyms: dying / demise
death (n.)
the time at which life ends; continuing until dead;
she stayed until his death
Synonyms: last
death (n.)
a final state;
Synonyms: end / destruction
death (n.)
the act of killing;
he had two deaths on his conscience
2
Death (n.)
the personification of death;
From wordnet.princeton.edu