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dark (adj.)

中古英语 derk ,后来的 dark ,来自古英语 deorc "没有光,缺乏光或亮度(特别是在晚上),晦暗,阴暗;"形象地说是"悲哀的,不愉快的;阴险的,邪恶的",来自原日耳曼语 *derkaz (也是古高德语 tarchanjan "隐藏,隐瞒"的来源),其词源不确定。元音变化见 marsh

应用于颜色,"不怎么放射或反射光线",是14世纪末的。 肤色,"不白皙",是14世纪初的。"晦涩、不易理解"的形象意义是13世纪初的,"沉闷、悲伤"是1590年代的。隐蔽、秘密"的意思是14世纪末的。 Dark Continent "非洲"(1828年)结合了几种形象意义(最早的提法是在传教士的出版物中)。"封闭"的戏剧俚语出自1916年。

Dark Ages "历史上的仁慈时代,无知时期"由1739年得到证明;具体集中在欧洲中世纪早期的几个世纪,从罗马的衰落到世俗文学的复兴,是19世纪30年代,来自 dark ,意义是"以无知为特征,学问落后,缺乏知识的光芒"(14世纪末)。

Dark horse "争夺荣誉或职位的竞争者,关于他的什么都不确定,或者他的身份一开始是隐瞒的",特别是,在美国的政治中,"在大会上作为候选人被意外地提出来的人",1842年,是一个来自赛马的形象,指其性能或能力不为一般人所知的马匹,其中dark用于其"未知"的形象意义。

Moonraker is called a "dark horse"; that is neither his sire nor dam is known. ["Pierce Egan's Book of Sports," London, 1832] 

Origin and meaning of dark

dark (n.)

13世纪初, derk ,"无光,夜间",出自 dark ( adj.)。图解 in the dark "处于无知状态"出自1670年代,更早的意思是"在秘密中,在隐蔽中"(14世纪末)。

Origin and meaning of dark

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Definitions of dark from WordNet
1
dark (adj.)
devoid of or deficient in light or brightness; shadowed or black;
a dark day
sitting in a dark corner
dark shadows
dark as the inside of a black cat
dark (adj.)
(used of color) having a dark hue;
dark green
dark glasses
dark colors like wine red or navy blue
dark (adj.)
brunet (used of hair or skin or eyes);
dark eyes
dark (adj.)
stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable; "the scheme of some sinister intelligence bent on punishing him"-Thomas Hardy;
Darth Vader of the dark side
dark undercurrents of ethnic hostility
a dark purpose
Synonyms: black / sinister
dark (adj.)
secret;
keep it dark
dark (adj.)
lacking enlightenment or knowledge or culture;
the dark ages
a dark age in the history of education
Synonyms: benighted
dark (adj.)
marked by difficulty of style or expression;
much that was dark is now quite clear to me
Synonyms: obscure
dark (adj.)
causing dejection;
the dark days of the war
a dark gloomy day
Synonyms: blue / dingy / disconsolate / dismal / gloomy / grim / sorry / drab / drear / dreary
dark (adj.)
not giving performances; closed;
the theater is dark on Mondays
2
dark (n.)
absence of light or illumination;
Synonyms: darkness
dark (n.)
absence of moral or spiritual values;
Synonyms: wickedness / darkness
dark (n.)
an unilluminated area;
Synonyms: darkness / shadow
dark (n.)
the time after sunset and before sunrise while it is dark outside;
Synonyms: night / nighttime
dark (n.)
an unenlightened state;
he was in the dark concerning their intentions
Synonyms: darkness
From wordnet.princeton.edu