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dark (adj.)

中古英语 derk, 后来的 dark, 来自古英语 deorc “没有光, 缺乏光或亮度(特别是在晚上), 晦暗, 阴暗;” 形象地说是“悲哀的, 不愉快的; 阴险的, 邪恶的”, 来自原日耳曼语 *derkaz (也是古高德语 tarchanjan “隐藏, 隐瞒” 的来源), 其词源不确定. 元音变化见 marsh.

应用于颜色, “不怎么放射或反射光线”, 是14世纪末的. 肤色, “不白皙”, 是14世纪初的. “晦涩, 不易理解” 的形象意义是13世纪初的, “沉闷, 悲伤” 是1590年代的. 隐蔽, 秘密“的意思是14世纪末的. Dark Continent” 非洲“(1828年) 结合了几种形象意义(最早的提法是在传教士的出版物中).” 封闭“的戏剧俚语出自1916年.

Dark Ages” 历史上的仁慈时代, 无知时期“由1739年得到证明; 具体集中在欧洲中世纪早期的几个世纪, 从罗马的衰落到世俗文学的复兴, 是19世纪30年代, 来自 dark, 意义是” 以无知为特征, 学问落后, 缺乏知识的光芒“(14世纪末).

Dark horse” 争夺荣誉或职位的竞争者, 关于他的什么都不确定, 或者他的身份一开始是隐瞒的“, 特别是, 在美国的政治中,” 在大会上作为候选人被意外地提出来的人“, 1842年, 是一个来自赛马的形象, 指其性能或能力不为一般人所知的马匹, 其中dark用于其” 未知“的形象意义.

Moonraker is called a” dark horse“; that is neither his sire nor dam is known. [” Pierce Egan's Book of Sports, “ London, 1832] 

Origin and meaning of dark

dark (n.)

13世纪初, derk, “无光, 夜间”, 出自 dark (adj.). 图解 in the dark “处于无知状态” 出自1670年代, 更早的意思是“在秘密中, 在隐蔽中” (14世纪末).

Origin and meaning of dark

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Definitions of dark from WordNet
1
dark (adj.)
devoid of or deficient in light or brightness; shadowed or black;
a dark day
sitting in a dark corner
dark shadows
dark as the inside of a black cat
dark (adj.)
(used of color) having a dark hue;
dark green
dark glasses
dark colors like wine red or navy blue
dark (adj.)
brunet (used of hair or skin or eyes);
dark eyes
dark (adj.)
stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable; "the scheme of some sinister intelligence bent on punishing him"-Thomas Hardy;
Darth Vader of the dark side
dark undercurrents of ethnic hostility
a dark purpose
Synonyms: black / sinister
dark (adj.)
secret;
keep it dark
dark (adj.)
lacking enlightenment or knowledge or culture;
the dark ages
a dark age in the history of education
Synonyms: benighted
dark (adj.)
marked by difficulty of style or expression;
much that was dark is now quite clear to me
Synonyms: obscure
dark (adj.)
causing dejection;
the dark days of the war
a dark gloomy day
Synonyms: blue / dingy / disconsolate / dismal / gloomy / grim / sorry / drab / drear / dreary
dark (adj.)
not giving performances; closed;
the theater is dark on Mondays
2
dark (n.)
absence of light or illumination;
Synonyms: darkness
dark (n.)
absence of moral or spiritual values;
Synonyms: wickedness / darkness
dark (n.)
an unilluminated area;
Synonyms: darkness / shadow
dark (n.)
the time after sunset and before sunrise while it is dark outside;
Synonyms: night / nighttime
dark (n.)
an unenlightened state;
he was in the dark concerning their intentions
Synonyms: darkness
From wordnet.princeton.edu