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dance (v.)

14世纪, dauncen, “随着音乐有节奏地移动身体或脚步”, 来自古法语 dancier (12世纪, 现代法语 danser), 其来源不明, 可能来自低法兰克语 *dintjan, 类似于古弗里斯兰语 dintje “颤抖, 颤抖”. 通过法国在艺术和社会中的影响, 从西班牙到俄罗斯, 它已经成为这一活动的主要词汇(意大利语 danzare, 西班牙语 danzar, 罗马尼亚语 dansa, 瑞典语 dansa, 德语 tanzen, 现代俄语 t ancevat').

In part the loanword from French is used mainly with reference to fashionable dancing while the older native word persists in use with reference to folk-dancing, as definitively Russ. pljasat' vs. tancovat' [Carl Darling Buck, “A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages,” 1949].

在英语中, 它取代了古英语 sealtian, 它本身是从拉丁语 saltare “跳舞” 借来的, 经常性的 salire “跳跃” (见 salient (adj.); “跳舞” 一词经常从“跳跃, 跳跃” 的词中衍生出来). 古英语中用于该活动的原生词包括 tumbian (见 tumble (v.) ) , hoppian (见 hop (v. 1) ). 相关词: Danced; dancing.

意思是“以有规律或不规律的步子跳跃或跳动, 作为某种情感的表达”, 来自14世纪末的无生命的东西, “以不规律的动作灵活或快速移动”, 1560年代. “给跳舞的动作” 的转义词来自16世纪. 给 dance attendance “趋炎附势

dance (n.)

14世纪, dance, daunce, “连续的舞步和动作, 通常由音乐伴奏引导”, 也是“跳舞的聚会”, 来自 dance (v.). 14世纪末起为“要跳舞的曲子”.

有很多形象化的意义:在中世纪英语中, the olde daunce 是“整个业务”, the daunce is don 完全相当于现代俚语 the jig is up. 对 lead (someone) a dance “导致在一个疲惫的, 令人费解的, 或令人失望的课程” 是从1520年代. Dance-band 是从1908年. dance-floor 从1863年. dance-hall 从1823年.

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Definitions of dance from WordNet
1
dance (n.)
an artistic form of nonverbal communication;
dance (n.)
a party of people assembled for dancing;
dance (n.)
taking a series of rhythmical steps (and movements) in time to music;
Synonyms: dancing / terpsichore / saltation
dance (n.)
a party for social dancing;
2
dance (v.)
move in a graceful and rhythmical way;
The young girl danced into the room
dance (v.)
move in a pattern; usually to musical accompaniment; do or perform a dance;
My husband and I like to dance at home to the radio
Synonyms: trip the light fantastic / trip the light fantastic toe
dance (v.)
skip, leap, or move up and down or sideways;
The children danced with joy
From wordnet.princeton.edu