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culture (n.)

15世纪中叶,"土地的耕作,为农作物准备土地的行为",来自拉丁文 cultura "a cultivating,aguratively"care,culture,an honoring,"来自过去分词干 colere "to tend,guard;to till,cultivate"(见 colony )。意为"作物的栽培或饲养,促进植物生长的行为"(1620年代),到1796年转移到鱼、牡蛎等,再转移到"在适宜的环境中生产细菌或其他微生物"(1880年),再转移到"这种培养的产品"(1884年)。

16世纪证明了"通过教育、系统地改进和完善心灵的培养"的形象意义;《世纪词典》写道:"19世纪以前不常见,除非有强烈的意识到其中的隐喻,虽然西塞罗在拉丁文中使用过。"意为"学问和品位,文明的知识面",到1805年;与之密切相关的意义是"一个民族的集体习俗和成就,集体智力发展的一种特殊形式",到1867年。

For without culture or holiness, which are always the gift of a very few, a man may renounce wealth or any other external thing, but he cannot renounce hatred, envy, jealousy, revenge. Culture is the sanctity of the intellect. [William Butler Yeats, journal, 7 March, 1909]

俚语 culture vulture "一个人对文化的贪婪"是1947年的。 Culture shock "当一个人搬到一个不同的文化环境或一种不熟悉的生活方式时经历的迷失"是1940年的证据。讽刺或轻蔑的拼写 kulchur ,从1940年开始得到印证(Pound),并比较 kultur

Origin and meaning of culture

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Definitions of culture from WordNet
1
culture (n.)
a particular society at a particular time and place;
Synonyms: civilization / civilisation
culture (n.)
the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group;
culture (n.)
all the knowledge and values shared by a society;
Synonyms: acculturation
culture (n.)
(biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar);
the culture of cells in a Petri dish
culture (n.)
a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality; "almost an inspiration which gives to all work that finish which is almost art"--Joseph Conrad;
Synonyms: polish / refinement / cultivation / finish
culture (n.)
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization;
the reason that the agency is doomed to inaction has something to do with the FBI culture
the developing drug culture
culture (n.)
the raising of plants or animals;
the culture of oysters
2
culture (v.)
grow in a special preparation;
From wordnet.princeton.edu