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crown (n.)

12世纪初, coroune, croune, “皇家冠冕, 作为主权象征的头部装饰品”, 来自英法 coroune, 古法语 corone (13世纪, 现代法语 couronne), 直接来自拉丁语 corona “冠冕”, 原为“花环, 花环”, 与希腊语 korōnē “任何弯曲的东西, 一种冠冕” 有关, 据Watkins从PIE根 *sker- (2) 的后缀形式“转弯, 弯曲”.

但Beekes认为“王冠” 的意义来自形式相同的希腊语 korōnē “乌鸦” (见 raven), 他说, “乌鸦” 被用来比喻“各种弯曲的或钩形的物体”. “此外,” 他写道, “ [korōnē ]的隐喻用法. '乌鸦'鉴于其同义词的使用, 并没有什么了不起的. .. .. .; 这些比喻可能源于鸟喙或鸟爪的形状.” 比较拉丁文 corax “乌鸦”, 也是“战争的钩机”, 法文 corbeau “乌鸦”, 也是“悬臂”; 英文 crowbar, 等等.

古英语用 corona, 直接从拉丁语中提取. 形象地说是“王权”, 从13世纪开始. 从14世纪末作“冠冕堂皇的荣誉或殊荣”. 从14世纪起作为“头骨或头部的顶端部分”; 从1670年代起作为“帽子的顶端”. 从1804年起作为“牙龈以上出现的牙齿的一部分”.

14世纪晚期扩展为“带有王冠或冠头印记的钱币”, 特别是英国的5先令银币. 也是冰岛, 瑞典(krona), 挪威, 丹麦(krone) 的货币单位名称, 以前在德意志帝国和奥匈帝国(krone). Crown of thorns 为古英语后期 þornene crune.

crown (v.)

“赐予王冠或花环”, 晚期古英语 corounen, 来自古法语 coroner, 来自 corone (见 crown (n.) ). 相关: Crowned; crowning. 后者在其意义上的“那使完整” 是来自1650年代.

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Definitions of crown from WordNet
1
crown (n.)
the part of a tooth above the gum that is covered with enamel;
crown (n.)
a wreath or garland worn on the head to signify victory;
crown (n.)
an ornamental jeweled headdress signifying sovereignty;
Synonyms: diadem
crown (n.)
the part of a hat (the vertex) that covers the crown of the head;
crown (n.)
an English coin worth 5 shillings;
crown (n.)
the upper branches and leaves of a tree or other plant;
Synonyms: treetop
crown (n.)
the top or extreme point of something (usually a mountain or hill);
Synonyms: peak / crest / top / tip / summit
crown (n.)
the award given to the champion;
Synonyms: pennant
crown (n.)
the top of the head;
Synonyms: pate / poll
crown (n.)
(dentistry) dental appliance consisting of an artificial crown for a broken or decayed tooth;
tomorrow my dentist will fit me for a crown
Synonyms: crownwork / jacket / jacket crown / cap
crown (n.)
the center of a cambered road;
Synonyms: crest
2
crown (v.)
invest with regal power; enthrone;
The prince was crowned in Westminster Abbey
Synonyms: coronate
crown (v.)
be the culminating event;
The speech crowned the meeting
Synonyms: top
crown (v.)
form the topmost part of;
A weather vane crowns the building
crown (v.)
put an enamel cover on;
crown my teeth
3
Crown (n.)
the Crown (or the reigning monarch) as the symbol of the power and authority of a monarchy;
From wordnet.princeton.edu