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crown (n.)

12世纪初, coroune, croune ,"皇家冠冕,作为主权象征的头部装饰品",来自英法 coroune ,古法语 corone ( 13世纪,现代法语 couronne ),直接来自拉丁语 corona "冠冕",原为"花环、花环",与希腊语 korōnē "任何弯曲的东西,一种冠冕"有关,据Watkins从PIE根 *sker- (2)的后缀形式"转弯、弯曲"。

但Beekes认为"王冠"的意义来自形式相同的希腊语 korōnē "乌鸦"(见 raven ),他说,"乌鸦"被用来比喻"各种弯曲的或钩形的物体"。"此外,"他写道," [korōnē ]的隐喻用法。'乌鸦'鉴于其同义词的使用,并没有什么了不起的......;这些比喻可能源于鸟喙或鸟爪的形状。"比较拉丁文 corax "乌鸦",也是"战争的钩机",法文 corbeau "乌鸦",也是"悬臂";英文 crowbar ,等等。

古英语用 corona ,直接从拉丁语中提取。形象地说是"王权",从13世纪开始。从14世纪末作"冠冕堂皇的荣誉或殊荣"。从14世纪起作为"头骨或头部的顶端部分";从1670年代起作为"帽子的顶端"。从1804年起作为"牙龈以上出现的牙齿的一部分"。

14世纪晚期扩展为"带有王冠或冠头印记的钱币",特别是英国的5先令银币。也是冰岛、瑞典( krona )、挪威、丹麦( krone )的货币单位名称,以前在德意志帝国和奥匈帝国( krone )。 Crown of thorns 为古英语后期 þornene crune

crown (v.)

"赐予王冠或花环",晚期古英语 corounen ,来自古法语 coroner ,来自 corone (见 crown (n.))。相关: Crowned ; crowning 。后者在其意义上的"那使完整"是来自1650年代。

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Definitions of crown from WordNet
1
crown (n.)
the part of a tooth above the gum that is covered with enamel;
crown (n.)
a wreath or garland worn on the head to signify victory;
crown (n.)
an ornamental jeweled headdress signifying sovereignty;
Synonyms: diadem
crown (n.)
the part of a hat (the vertex) that covers the crown of the head;
crown (n.)
an English coin worth 5 shillings;
crown (n.)
the upper branches and leaves of a tree or other plant;
Synonyms: treetop
crown (n.)
the top or extreme point of something (usually a mountain or hill);
Synonyms: peak / crest / top / tip / summit
crown (n.)
the award given to the champion;
Synonyms: pennant
crown (n.)
the top of the head;
Synonyms: pate / poll
crown (n.)
(dentistry) dental appliance consisting of an artificial crown for a broken or decayed tooth;
tomorrow my dentist will fit me for a crown
Synonyms: crownwork / jacket / jacket crown / cap
crown (n.)
the center of a cambered road;
Synonyms: crest
2
crown (v.)
invest with regal power; enthrone;
The prince was crowned in Westminster Abbey
Synonyms: coronate
crown (v.)
be the culminating event;
The speech crowned the meeting
Synonyms: top
crown (v.)
form the topmost part of;
A weather vane crowns the building
crown (v.)
put an enamel cover on;
crown my teeth
3
Crown (n.)
the Crown (or the reigning monarch) as the symbol of the power and authority of a monarchy;
From wordnet.princeton.edu