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critic (n.)

critick ,1580年代,"通过判断的人,善于判断某一类事物优劣的人",来自法语 critique (14世纪),来自拉丁语 criticus "法官、审查员、估价员",也是"发现文学作品中虚假段落的语法学家",来自希腊语 kritikos "能够做出判断",来自 krinein "分离、决定"(来自PIE根 *krei- "筛选",故为"鉴别、区分")。意思是"判断书籍、戏剧等优点的人",来自17世纪的 。这个英语单词一直有"审查者、吹毛求疵者、严厉评判者"的色彩。

To understand how the artist felt, however, is not criticism; criticism is an investigation of what the work is good for. ... Criticism ... is a serious and public function; it shows the race assimilating the individual, dividing the immortal from the mortal part of a soul. [George Santayana, "The Life of Reason," 1906]

A perfect judge will read each work of wit
With the same spirit that its author writ;
[Pope, "An Essay on Criticism," 1709]

对于"劣质或不称职的批评家"17世纪有 criticaster ;后世用 criticling, critikin, criticule

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Definitions of critic from WordNet

critic (n.)
a person who is professionally engaged in the analysis and interpretation of works of art;
critic (n.)
anyone who expresses a reasoned judgment of something;
critic (n.)
someone who frequently finds fault or makes harsh and unfair judgments;
From wordnet.princeton.edu