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critic (n.)

critick, 1580年代, “通过判断的人, 善于判断某一类事物优劣的人”, 来自法语 critique (14世纪), 来自拉丁语 criticus “法官, 审查员, 估价员”, 也是“发现文学作品中虚假段落的语法学家”, 来自希腊语 kritikos “能够做出判断”, 来自 krinein “分离, 决定” (来自PIE根 *krei- “筛选”, 故为“鉴别, 区分” ). 意思是“判断书籍, 戏剧等优点的人”, 来自17世纪的. 这个英语单词一直有“审查者, 吹毛求疵者, 严厉评判者” 的色彩.

To understand how the artist felt, however, is not criticism; criticism is an investigation of what the work is good for. .. . Criticism. .. is a serious and public function; it shows the race assimilating the individual, dividing the immortal from the mortal part of a soul. [George Santayana, “The Life of Reason,” 1906]

A perfect judge will read each work of wit
With the same spirit that its author writ;
[Pope, “An Essay on Criticism,” 1709]

对于“劣质或不称职的批评家” 17世纪有 criticaster; 后世用 criticling, critikin, criticule.

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Definitions of critic

critic (n.)
a person who is professionally engaged in the analysis and interpretation of works of art;
critic (n.)
anyone who expresses a reasoned judgment of something;
critic (n.)
someone who frequently finds fault or makes harsh and unfair judgments;
From wordnet.princeton.edu