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cover (v.)

12世纪中叶,"保护或抵御伤害",来自古法语 covrir "掩盖、保护、隐藏、散布"(12世纪,现代法语 couvrir ),来自晚期拉丁语 coperire ,来自拉丁语 cooperire "覆盖、压倒、埋葬",来自 com- 的同化形式,这里可能是一个密集的前缀(见 com- ),+ operire "关闭、覆盖",来自PIE复合词 *op-wer-yo- ,来自 *op- "覆盖"(见 epi- )+根 *wer- (4)"覆盖"。

"掩盖或屏蔽"的意义来自14世纪,"把东西盖在(别的东西)上"的意义来自14世纪早期。"把(东西)铺满整个表面的范围"的意义来自14世纪晚期。"瞄准"的军事意义来自1680年代;报纸意义最早记录在1893年;在美国足球中的使用可以追溯到1907年。博彩意义上的"将一枚等值的硬币放在另一枚上"是1857年的。马或其他大型雄性动物的,作为"交媾"的委婉语,它可以追溯到1530年代。

意思是"包括、拥抱、理解",是1868年的事。意思是"经过或旅行过,移动过"是1818年的。等于、相同的程度或数量、补偿"的意思是由1828年开始的。1970年,"代替不在的同事负责"的意思得到证实。

Origin and meaning of cover

cover (n.)

14世纪中叶,"铺设、放置或铺开(在其他东西上)的东西",来自 cover (v.)。遮蔽或遮挡视线的东西"的意思是从15世纪开始的。从16世纪开始,作为任何一种"庇护",后来特别是在狩猎中,"灌木、灌木丛或灌木丛掩盖游戏"(1719)。

意思是"书的装订或包装"是1590年代的,"信的信封或包装"的意思是1748年的。"录制他人已经录制好的歌曲"的含义是1970年以前的,简称 cover version (1966年)。 Cover-band "只演奏翻唱歌曲的乐队"是由1981年。 Cover girl 是美国1915年的俚语,是 magazine-cover girl (1899)的简称。

Cover-charge 是由1913年证明的。其中 cover 的直接意义似乎是旧的"一个人在餐桌上使用的盘子、刀子、叉子、勺子、餐巾、酒杯等",来自法语 couvert ,字面意思是"一个盖子",意义相同;据说是因为它们原来是用一个箱子装在一起的,所以才这么叫。

根据当代出版物, cover ,来包括餐桌调味品和面包和黄油,并在1910年左右,一些餐馆开始为这些收取额外费用。["......一家聪明的纽约 restauranteur ,最近对面包和黄油以及冰水收取了二十五美分的'封面费'。其他的人也纷纷效仿。"- 爱德华-亨格福德,《美国城市的个性》,1913年】。]

从这个意义上说, cover ,也可能涉及到宴会服务使用 cover ,收取费用,其中包括("涵盖")提供的一切食品--菜单卡、鲜花、音乐等。

In recent years hotels, particularly those featuring entertainment in their restaurants, have made a so-called cover charge which includes entertainment in addition to the table service. For instance, at some of the larger hotels in New York, where there is dancing, or cabaret, or high-priced soloists, or entertainment of costly nature provided, there is a cover charge, sometimes as high as $1 the seat. [Hotel Monthly, December 1917]

Origin and meaning of cover

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Definitions of cover from WordNet
1
cover (v.)
provide with a covering or cause to be covered;
cover the child with a blanket
cover her face with a handkerchief
cover the grave with flowers
cover (v.)
form a cover over;
The grass covered the grave
Synonyms: spread over
cover (v.)
span an interval of distance, space or time;
The period covered the turn of the century
This farm covers some 200 acres
Synonyms: continue / extend
cover (v.)
provide for;
The grant doesn't cover my salary
cover (v.)
act on verbally or in some form of artistic expression;
The course covered all of Western Civilization
Synonyms: treat / handle / plow / deal / address
cover (v.)
include in scope; include as part of something broader; have as one's sphere or territory;
this should cover everyone in the group
cover (v.)
travel across or pass over;
The caravan covered almost 100 miles each day
Synonyms: traverse / track / cross / pass over / get over / get across / cut through / cut across
cover (v.)
be responsible for reporting the details of, as in journalism;
The cub reporter covered New York City
Synonyms: report
cover (v.)
hold within range of an aimed firearm;
cover (v.)
to take an action to protect against future problems;
Count the cash in the drawer twice just to cover yourself
cover (v.)
hide from view or knowledge;
The President covered the fact that he bugged the offices in the White House
Synonyms: cover up
cover (v.)
protect or defend (a position in a game);
he covered left field
cover (v.)
maintain a check on; especially by patrolling;
The second officer covered the top floor
cover (v.)
protect by insurance;
The insurance won't cover this
Synonyms: insure / underwrite
cover (v.)
make up for shortcomings or a feeling of inferiority by exaggerating good qualities;
cover (v.)
invest with a large or excessive amount of something;
She covered herself with glory
cover (v.)
help out by taking someone's place and temporarily assuming his responsibilities;
She is covering for our secretary who is ill this week
cover (v.)
be sufficient to meet, defray, or offset the charge or cost of;
Is this enough to cover the check?
cover (v.)
spread over a surface to conceal or protect;
This paint covers well
cover (v.)
cover as if with a shroud;
Synonyms: shroud / enshroud / hide
cover (v.)
copulate with a female, used especially of horses;
The horse covers the mare
Synonyms: breed
cover (v.)
put something on top of something else;
cover the meat with a lot of gravy
Synonyms: overlay
cover (v.)
play a higher card than the one previously played;
Smith covered again
cover (v.)
be responsible for guarding an opponent in a game;
cover (v.)
sit on (eggs);
The female covers the eggs
Synonyms: brood / hatch / incubate
cover (v.)
clothe, as if for protection from the elements;
cover your head!
Synonyms: wrap up
2
cover (n.)
the act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it;
the cover concealed their guns from enemy aircraft
Synonyms: covering / screening / masking
cover (n.)
a covering that serves to conceal or shelter something;
under cover of darkness
Synonyms: screen / covert / concealment
cover (n.)
bedding that keeps a person warm in bed;
he pulled the covers over his head and went to sleep
Synonyms: blanket
cover (n.)
the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book;
Synonyms: binding / book binding / back
cover (n.)
a natural object that covers or envelops;
the fox was flushed from its cover
under a covering of dust
Synonyms: covering / natural covering
cover (n.)
covering for a hole (especially a hole in the top of a container);
put the cover back on the kettle
Synonyms: top
cover (n.)
fire that makes it difficult for the enemy to fire on your own individuals or formations;
artillery provided covering fire for the withdrawal
Synonyms: covering fire
cover (n.)
a fixed charge by a restaurant or nightclub over and above the charge for food and drink;
Synonyms: cover charge
cover (n.)
a recording of a song that was first recorded or made popular by somebody else;
they made a cover of a Beatles' song
Synonyms: cover version / cover song
cover (n.)
a false identity and background (especially one created for an undercover agent);
her new name and passport are cover for her next assignment
From wordnet.princeton.edu