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court (n.)

12世纪晚期,"君主举行的正式集会",来自古法语 cort "国王的宫廷;王子的住所"(11世纪,现代法语 cour ),来自拉丁语 cortem ,指代 cors (早期 cohors )"封闭的院子",并通过延伸(也许与 curia "君主的集会"相关联),"在院子里集会的人"。公司,群体,"来自 com "与,一起"的同化形式(见 com- )+干 hort- ,与 hortus "花园,地块"有关(来自PIE根 *gher- (1)"抓住,包围")。

英语中出现了该拉丁词的两种意义。从纯粹的物理意义上说,"宫殿,君主的住所"(13世纪),"与一幢或多幢建筑相连的封闭空间"(14世纪早期),以及体育意义上的"光滑、平坦的地块,在上面进行球类运动"(1510年代,原指网球)。也是"公共街道的短臂,三面被建筑物围住"(1680年代),以前以贫穷或作为商业区而闻名。

从"君主在其摄政状态下的周围环境"(13世纪)的概念中,产生了"司法调查的法庭"(14世纪,早期的司法大会由君主亲自监督)的法律含义,也是"执行司法的大厅或室"(14世纪)。作为一个形容词,"与法庭有关",13世纪末

Origin and meaning of court

court (v.)

1570年代,"努力通过多情的关注来获得青睐",也有"招揽、设法赢得或吸引"的意思,出自 court (n.),根据与王室宫廷有关的各种行为。相关链接: Courted ; courting

Origin and meaning of court

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Definitions of court from WordNet
1
court (n.)
an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business;
Synonyms: tribunal / judicature
court (n.)
a room in which a lawcourt sits;
Synonyms: courtroom
court (n.)
the sovereign and his advisers who are the governing power of a state;
Synonyms: royal court
court (n.)
a specially marked horizontal area within which a game is played;
players had to reserve a court in advance
court (n.)
the family and retinue of a sovereign or prince;
Synonyms: royal court
court (n.)
a hotel for motorists; provides direct access from rooms to parking area;
Synonyms: motor hotel / motor inn / motor lodge / tourist court
court (n.)
a tribunal that is presided over by a magistrate or by one or more judges who administer justice according to the laws;
Synonyms: lawcourt / court of law / law court / court of justice
court (n.)
the residence of a sovereign or nobleman;
the king will visit the duke's court
court (n.)
an area wholly or partly surrounded by walls or buildings;
the house was built around an inner court
Synonyms: courtyard
court (n.)
respectful deference;
pay court to the emperor
Synonyms: homage
2
court (v.)
make amorous advances towards;
John is courting Mary
Synonyms: woo / romance / solicit
court (v.)
seek someone's favor;
Synonyms: woo
court (v.)
engage in social activities leading to marriage;
We were courting for over ten years
3
Court (n.)
Australian woman tennis player who won many major championships (born in 1947);
Synonyms: Margaret Court
From wordnet.princeton.edu