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control (v.)

15世纪初, countrollen ,"检查准确性,核实;规范",来自英法 contreroller "行使权力",来自中世纪拉丁文 contrarotulus "柜台、登记簿",来自拉丁文 contra "反对"(见 contra )+ rotulusrota "轮子"的缩略语(见 roll (n.))。这个词显然来自于中世纪的一种通过重复登记簿来核对账户的方法。

Un contrerollour qui doit contre roller au tresorere de la garderobe toutz lez receitez. [Household ordinances of Edward II, c. 1310]

主导、直接、控制"的意思是来自15世纪中叶,相关的: Controlled ; controllingControl group 在科学实验中的应用是从1952年开始证明的(从1875年开始证明的 control 的意思)。

control (n.)

1580年代,"保持在权力和规章制度之下的行为,检查和指挥行动的事实",出自 control (五)。意思是"一种检查、约束",是1590年代的。意思是"科学实验中的比较标准",到1857年,可能来自德语 Controleversuche 。机场 control tower 来自1920年; control-room 来自1897年。 Control freak "感到有强迫性需要掌握任何情况的人"是由1969年。

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Definitions of control from WordNet
1
control (n.)
power to direct or determine;
under control
control (n.)
a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another;
measures for the control of disease
they instituted controls over drinking on campus
control (n.)
(physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc;
the timing and control of his movements were unimpaired
he had lost control of his sphincters
control (n.)
a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment;
the control condition was inappropriate for the conclusions he wished to draw
Synonyms: control condition
control (n.)
the activity of managing or exerting control over something;
the control of the mob by the police was admirable
control (n.)
the state that exists when one person or group has power over another;
Synonyms: dominance / ascendance / ascendence / ascendancy / ascendency
control (n.)
discipline in personal and social activities;
she never lost control of herself
Synonyms: restraint
control (n.)
great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity;
Synonyms: command / mastery
control (n.)
a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine;
I turned the controls over to her
Synonyms: controller
control (n.)
a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance;
control (n.)
the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.;
they wanted to repeal all the legislation that imposed economic controls
2
control (v.)
exercise authoritative control or power over;
control the budget
Synonyms: command
control (v.)
lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits;
control your anger
Synonyms: hold in / hold / contain / check / curb / moderate
control (v.)
handle and cause to function;
control the lever
Synonyms: operate
control (v.)
maintain influence over (others or oneself) skillfully, usually to one's advantage;
She is a very controlling mother and doesn't let her children grow up
Synonyms: manipulate / keep in line
control (v.)
check or regulate (a scientific experiment) by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard;
Are you controlling for the temperature?
Synonyms: verify
control (v.)
place under restrictions; limit access to by law;
this substance is controlled
Synonyms: restrict
control (v.)
verify by using a duplicate register for comparison;
control an account
control (v.)
be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;
control the quality of the product
Synonyms: see / check / insure / see to it / ensure / ascertain / assure
control (v.)
have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of;
Do you control these data?
Synonyms: master
From wordnet.princeton.edu