Advertisement

conflict (v.)

15世纪初, “争夺, 战斗, 斗争”, 来自拉丁文 conflictus, confligere 的过去分词“一起打击, 发生冲突”, 来自 com “与, 一起” (见 con-) + fligere “打击” (见 afflict) 的同化形式. 意思是“对立, 相反或不一致”, 来自1640年代. 相关链接: Conflicted; conflicting.

conflict (n.)

15世纪初, “武装遭遇, 战斗”, 来自古法语 conflit, 直接来自拉丁语 conflictus “一起罢工”, 在拉丁语晚期“战斗, 冲突”, 名词使用 confligere “一起罢工, 冲突” 的过去分词, 来自 com “与, 一起” (见 con-) + fligere “罢工” (见 afflict) 的同化形式.

意思是“斗争, 争吵” 是15世纪中叶的意思. “行动, 感情或效果的不和谐, 对立原则的冲突等” 是1875年的意思. 心理学意义上的“一个人不相容的冲动” 是从1859年开始的(因此 conflicted, 过去部分形容词); 这个名词从15世纪开始用于“内部心理或精神斗争” 的意义上(反对诱惑等). 短语 conflict of interest, 到1743年就开始使用了.

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of conflict from WordNet
1
conflict (n.)
an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals); "the harder the conflict the more glorious the triumph"--Thomas Paine;
Synonyms: struggle / battle
conflict (n.)
opposition between two simultaneous but incompatible feelings;
he was immobilized by conflict and indecision
conflict (n.)
a hostile meeting of opposing military forces in the course of a war;
Synonyms: battle / fight / engagement
conflict (n.)
a state of opposition between persons or ideas or interests;
his conflict of interest made him ineligible for the post
a conflict of loyalties
conflict (n.)
an incompatibility of dates or events;
he noticed a conflict in the dates of the two meetings
conflict (n.)
opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot);
this form of conflict is essential to Mann's writing
conflict (n.)
a disagreement or argument about something important;
the familiar conflict between Republicans and Democrats
Synonyms: dispute / difference / difference of opinion
2
conflict (v.)
be in conflict;
The two proposals conflict!
conflict (v.)
go against, as of rules and laws;
This behavior conflicts with our rules
Synonyms: run afoul / infringe / contravene
From wordnet.princeton.edu