confidence (n.)

15世纪 ,"保证或相信他人的善意、真实性等",来自古法语 confidence ,或直接来自拉丁语 confidentia ,来自 confidentem (代名词 confidens )"坚定地信任、大胆地", confidere 的现在分词"完全信任或依赖",来自 com 的同化形式,这里可能是一个强化的前缀(见 com- ),+ fidere "信任"(来自PIE词根 *bheidh- "信任、倾诉、说服")。

从15世纪中叶开始作为"依靠自己的力量、资源或环境,自我保证"。意为"对命题或断言的肯定,对事实的确信"出自1550年代。意为"秘密、私下的交流"是1590年代的。与诈骗(见 con (adj.))的联系可以追溯到19世纪中叶,来自于虚假的"可信度"概念,这是游戏的关键。

Origin and meaning of confidence

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Definitions of confidence from WordNet

confidence (n.)
freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities;
after that failure he lost his confidence
confidence (n.)
a feeling of trust (in someone or something);
confidence is always borrowed, never owned
I have confidence in our team
confidence (n.)
a state of confident hopefulness that events will be favorable;
public confidence in the economy
confidence (n.)
a trustful relationship;
he took me into his confidence
Synonyms: trust
confidence (n.)
a secret that is confided or entrusted to another;
the priest could not reveal her confidences
everyone trusted him with their confidences