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compassion (n.)

"对正在受苦或经历不幸的人的悲哀或深深的柔情",14世纪中叶, compassioun ,字面意思是"与他人同甘共苦",来自古法语 compassion "同情、怜悯"(12世纪),来自晚期拉丁语 compassionem (代名词 compassio )"同情",状态名词来自 compati "感到怜悯"的过去分词干,来自 com "与、一起"(见 com- )+ pati "受苦"(见 passion )。

拉丁文 compassio 是希腊文 sympatheia (见 sympathy )的教会借译。有时在中英文中,它的意思是与他人分担苦难或痛苦。 compassion 的古英语借译是 efenðrowung

Origin and meaning of compassion

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Definitions of compassion from WordNet

compassion (n.)
a deep awareness of and sympathy for another's suffering;
Synonyms: compassionateness
compassion (n.)
the humane quality of understanding the suffering of others and wanting to do something about it;
Synonyms: pity
From wordnet.princeton.edu