company (n.)

12世纪中叶, “一大群人”, 来自古法语 compagnie “社会, 友谊, 亲密关系; 士兵的身体” (12世纪), 来自晚期拉丁语 companio, 字面意思是“面包伙计, 伙伴”, 来自拉丁语 com “一起, 一起” (见 com-) + panis “面包”, 来自PIE根 *pa- “喂养”. 缩写 co. 可追溯到1670年代.

意思是“同伴关系, 人与人之间的配偶关系, 亲密的联系” 是从13世纪末开始的 意思是“与另一个人以任何方式联系在一起的人或个人” 是从14世纪开始的. 在中世纪的英语中, 这个词也有“性结合, 性交” 的意思(14世纪).

从14世纪末开始, 这个词的意思是“一些人联合起来共同完成或进行任何事情”, 到1550年代发展为商业意义上的“商业协会”, 这个词从14世纪末开始用于指贸易行会.

意思是“自愿与之交往的人”, 来自17世纪; 短语 keep company “consort” 来自1560年代(bear company, 同样的意思来自14世纪). 表达式 two's company “两个人恰到好处” (用于交谈等), 是1849年的证据; 下面的行文有所不同: but three is none (或 not), 1849年; three's trumpery (1864年); three's a crowd (1856年).

Definitions of company
company (n.)
an institution created to conduct business;
he started the company in his garage
company (n.)
small military unit; usually two or three platoons;
company (n.)
the state of being with someone;
he missed their company
company (n.)
organization of performers and associated personnel (especially theatrical);
the traveling company all stayed at the same hotel
Synonyms: troupe
company (n.)
a social or business visitor;
the room was a mess because he hadn't expected company
Synonyms: caller
company (n.)
a social gathering of guests or companions;
the house was filled with company when I arrived
company (n.)
a band of people associated temporarily in some activity;
the company of cooks walked into the kitchen
Synonyms: party
company (n.)
crew of a ship including the officers; the whole force or personnel of a ship;
Synonyms: ship's company
company (n.)
a unit of firefighters including their equipment;
a hook-and-ladder company
company (v.)
be a companion to somebody;
Synonyms: companion / accompany / keep company