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common (adj.)

14世纪, “属于所有人, 共同拥有或使用, 一般, 具有公共性质或特点”, 来自古法语 comun “共同的, 一般的, 自由的, 开放的, 公共的” (9世纪, 现代法语 commun), 来自拉丁语 communis “共同的, 公共的, 所有人或许多人共享的; 一般的, 不具体的; 熟悉的, 不矫情的”. 这来自于一个重构的PIE复合词 *ko-moin-i- “共同持有”, 复合形容词由 *ko- “一起” + *moi-n-, 词根 *mei- (1) 的后缀形式“改变, 去, 移动” 形成, 因此字面意思是“所有人共享”.

复合词的第二个元素也是拉丁文 munia “职责, 公共职责, 职能” 的来源, 那些与 munia “办公室” 有关的元素. 也许在古法语中被日耳曼形式的PIE *ko-moin-i- (比较德语 gemein, 古英语 gemne “共同的, 公共的, 一般的, 普遍的;” 见 mean (adj.) )所强化, 经法兰克语传入法语.

自14世纪起用于贬低妇女和罪犯. 意为“同样与两个或两个以上的人有关或同样从两个或两个以上的人那里得到”, 从15世纪开始. 意思是“通常的, 不是例外的, 经常发生的”, 是14世纪末的意思 “不突出的, 属于一般的大众”, 是15世纪的意思; 事物, “普通的, 不优秀的”, 是14世纪末的意思.

Common pleas 是13世纪, 从英法 communs plets, 听取一个主体对另一个主体的民事诉讼, 而不是王室的请求. Common prayer 是指在公开场合与其他崇拜者一起做的事; 与私人祈祷形成对比. Common stock, 从1888年开始得到证明. Common speech 14世纪末) 是白话文, 与拉丁文相对. Common good 14世纪末) 将拉丁文 bonum publicum “the common weal” 翻译为“共同的福祉”. 该学院 common room (1660年代) 是所有成员都可以共同使用的.

Origin and meaning of common

common (n.)

14世纪, “团契或兄弟会; 14世纪早期,” 社区或城镇的人, 自由人, 公民; “15世纪晚期,” 共同拥有的土地“, 来自古法语 commune, 中世纪拉丁语 communia, 部分来自 common (adj.). 也可比较 commons. 拉丁文 communis” 共同的, 一般的“(adj.) 也曾作为名词, 意为” 共同的财产; 国家, 共同的国家“.

Origin and meaning of common

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Definitions of common from WordNet
1
common (adj.)
belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole; public;
common lands are set aside for use by all members of a community
for the common good
common (adj.)
having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual;
the common cold
the common housefly
followed common procedure
the common man
a common nuisance
a common brand of soap
a common sailor
it is common knowledge that she lives alone
common (adj.)
common to or shared by two or more parties;
a common friend
Synonyms: mutual
common (adj.)
commonly encountered;
a common (or familiar) complaint
Synonyms: usual
common (adj.)
being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language;
common parlance
Synonyms: vernacular / vulgar
common (adj.)
of or associated with the great masses of people;
the common people in those days suffered greatly
behavior that branded him as common
Synonyms: plebeian / vulgar / unwashed
common (adj.)
of low or inferior quality or value; "of what coarse metal ye are molded"- Shakespeare;
produced...the common cloths used by the poorer population
Synonyms: coarse
common (adj.)
lacking refinement or cultivation or taste;
behavior that branded him as common
Synonyms: coarse / rough-cut / uncouth / vulgar
common (adj.)
to be expected; standard;
common decency
2
common (n.)
a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area;
Synonyms: park / commons / green
From wordnet.princeton.edu