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commit (v.)

14世纪晚期,"交给负责,委托",来自拉丁文 committere "联合,连接,结合;汇集",来自 com "与,一起"(见 com- )+ mittere "释放,放走;发送,抛出"(见 mission )。

英语中现代意义范围的演变并不完全清楚。在拉丁文中,"犯(罪)、做、做(特别是应受谴责的事)"的意思是古老的;在英文中,它是从15世纪中叶开始的。

从1530年代起作"完全信任(自己);"从1770年起作"通过不可撤销的初步行为将其置于或带入危险之中"。不及物用法(代替 commit oneself )最早记载于1982年,可能是受存在主义使用(1948年)的影响, commitment ,翻译萨特的 engagement "情感和道德的参与"。

Origin and meaning of commit

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Definitions of commit from WordNet

commit (v.)
perform an act, usually with a negative connotation;
Synonyms: perpetrate / pull
commit (v.)
give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause;
She committed herself to the work of God
Synonyms: give / dedicate / consecrate / devote
commit (v.)
cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution;
he was committed to prison
After the second episode, she had to be committed
Synonyms: institutionalize / institutionalise / send / charge
commit (v.)
confer a trust upon;
I commit my soul to God
Synonyms: entrust / intrust / trust / confide
commit (v.)
make an investment;
Synonyms: invest / put / place
commit (v.)
engage in or perform;
commit a random act of kindness
Synonyms: practice
From wordnet.princeton.edu