commit (v.)

14世纪晚期, “交给负责, 委托”, 来自拉丁文 committere “联合, 连接, 结合; 汇集”, 来自 com “与, 一起” (见 com-) + mittere “释放, 放走; 发送, 抛出” (见 mission).

英语中现代意义范围的演变并不完全清楚. 在拉丁文中, “犯(罪), 做, 做(特别是应受谴责的事)” 的意思是古老的; 在英文中, 它是从15世纪中叶开始的.

从1530年代起作“完全信任(自己);” 从1770年起作“通过不可撤销的初步行为将其置于或带入危险之中”. 不及物用法(代替 commit oneself) 最早记载于1982年, 可能是受存在主义使用(1948年) 的影响, commitment, 翻译萨特的 engagement “情感和道德的参与”.

Origin and meaning of commit

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Definitions of commit

commit (v.)
perform an act, usually with a negative connotation;
Synonyms: perpetrate / pull
commit (v.)
give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause;
She committed herself to the work of God
Synonyms: give / dedicate / consecrate / devote
commit (v.)
cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution;
he was committed to prison
After the second episode, she had to be committed
Synonyms: institutionalize / institutionalise / send / charge
commit (v.)
confer a trust upon;
I commit my soul to God
Synonyms: entrust / intrust / trust / confide
commit (v.)
make an investment;
Synonyms: invest / put / place
commit (v.)
engage in or perform;
commit a random act of kindness
Synonyms: practice