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comfort (v.)

13世纪晚期, conforten "在悲伤或困难时振作、安慰、抚慰",来自古法语 conforter "安慰、慰藉;帮助、加强",来自晚期拉丁语 confortare "加强很多"(在武加大版中使用),来自拉丁语 com- 的同化形式,这里可能是强化前缀(见 com- ),+ fortis "强壮"(见 fort )。 -n- 改为 -m- 始于14世纪的英语。

在中古英语中也有"给予或增加力量"(14世纪);"鼓励、敦促、劝告"(14世纪)。相关链接: Comforted ; comforting

comfort (n.)

13世纪 ,"在苦难或忧伤中得到解脱的感觉;慰藉、安慰"(如仍在 take comfort );也是"减轻或解脱的来源;"来自古法语 confort "安慰、慰藉;快乐、享受",来自 conforter "慰藉;帮助、加强"(见 comfort (v.))。同样意义的一个古英语词是 frofor 。意为"因满足身体欲望和免于焦虑而产生的享受状态",来自13世纪中叶 也是中英文的"力量、支持、鼓励"(14世纪末)。 Comforts (与 necessitiesluxuries )则是来自1650年代。 Comfort food "提供怀旧或感伤价值的食物,但通常营养价值可疑"是1987年以前的。

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Definitions of comfort from WordNet
1
comfort (n.)
a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain;
he is a man who enjoys his comfort
Synonyms: comfortableness
comfort (n.)
a feeling of freedom from worry or disappointment;
comfort (n.)
the act of consoling; giving relief in affliction;
Synonyms: consolation / solace
comfort (n.)
a freedom from financial difficulty that promotes a comfortable state;
he had all the material comforts of this world
Synonyms: ease
comfort (n.)
satisfaction or physical well-being provided by a person or thing;
his friendship was a comfort
a padded chair was one of the room's few comforts
comfort (n.)
bedding made of two layers of cloth filled with stuffing and stitched together;
Synonyms: quilt / comforter / puff
comfort (n.)
assistance, such as that provided to an enemy or to a known criminal;
it gave comfort to the enemy
2
comfort (v.)
give moral or emotional strength to;
Synonyms: soothe / console / solace
comfort (v.)
lessen pain or discomfort; alleviate;
Synonyms: ease
From wordnet.princeton.edu