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comfort (v.)

13世纪晚期, conforten “在悲伤或困难时振作, 安慰, 抚慰”, 来自古法语 conforter “安慰, 慰藉; 帮助, 加强”, 来自晚期拉丁语 confortare “加强很多” (在武加大版中使用), 来自拉丁语 com- 的同化形式, 这里可能是强化前缀(见 com-), + fortis “强壮” (见 fort). -n- 改为 -m- 始于14世纪的英语.

在中古英语中也有“给予或增加力量” (14世纪); “鼓励, 敦促, 劝告” (14世纪). 相关链接: Comforted; comforting.

comfort (n.)

13世纪, “在苦难或忧伤中得到解脱的感觉; 慰藉, 安慰” (如仍在 take comfort); 也是“减轻或解脱的来源;” 来自古法语 confort “安慰, 慰藉; 快乐, 享受”, 来自 conforter “慰藉; 帮助, 加强” (见 comfort (v.) ). 同样意义的一个古英语词是 frofor. 意为“因满足身体欲望和免于焦虑而产生的享受状态”, 来自13世纪中叶 也是中英文的“力量, 支持, 鼓励” (14世纪末). Comforts (与 necessitiesluxuries) 则是来自1650年代. Comfort food “提供怀旧或感伤价值的食物, 但通常营养价值可疑” 是1987年以前的.

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Definitions of comfort from WordNet
1
comfort (n.)
a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain;
he is a man who enjoys his comfort
Synonyms: comfortableness
comfort (n.)
a feeling of freedom from worry or disappointment;
comfort (n.)
the act of consoling; giving relief in affliction;
Synonyms: consolation / solace
comfort (n.)
a freedom from financial difficulty that promotes a comfortable state;
he had all the material comforts of this world
Synonyms: ease
comfort (n.)
satisfaction or physical well-being provided by a person or thing;
his friendship was a comfort
a padded chair was one of the room's few comforts
comfort (n.)
bedding made of two layers of cloth filled with stuffing and stitched together;
Synonyms: quilt / comforter / puff
comfort (n.)
assistance, such as that provided to an enemy or to a known criminal;
it gave comfort to the enemy
2
comfort (v.)
give moral or emotional strength to;
Synonyms: soothe / console / solace
comfort (v.)
lessen pain or discomfort; alleviate;
Synonyms: ease
From wordnet.princeton.edu