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color (n.)

13世纪初,"肤色、肤色",来自英法 culur, coulour ,古法语 color "颜色、肤色、外表"(现代法语 couleur ),来自拉丁语 color "皮肤的颜色;一般的颜色、色调;外表",来自古拉丁语 colos ,原为"遮盖物"(近似于 celare "隐藏、掩盖"),来自PIE根 *kel- (1)"遮盖、掩盖、保存"。古英语中"颜色"的词有 hiw ("色调")、 bleo 。关于意义的演变,比较梵文 varnah "覆盖、颜色",与 vrnoti "覆盖"有关,也可参见 chroma

Colour 是从14世纪开始的常用英语拼写,来自英法。从15世纪开始,经典的修正使 color 成为一种替代的拼法,该拼法在美国得到确立(见 -or )。

意思是"一种色相或色调,一种可见的颜色,某物的颜色"来自14世纪。作为"颜色作为物质的固有属性,是仅由眼睛感知到的事物或外观的质量",从14世纪晚期开始 14世纪初作为"一种着色物质、颜料、染料"。从14世纪中叶起作"种类、排序、种类、描述"。从14世纪晚期起在形象意义上作"造型手法、点缀"。从14世纪起为"通过证明、解释或开脱某项行为而提出的理由或论点",因此为"似是而非的理由或论点,掩盖某物真实特征的东西"(14世纪末)。

从14世纪起,作为"识别的明显标志"(如徽章或徽章或制服,后来是指冠军、骑马者等),原指纹章。因此具象意义,如 show one's (true) colors "透露自己的意见或意图;"比较 colors

在指"人类中较深色(区别于'白色')品种的色调"[OED],从1792年开始考证,在 people of colour ,译自法文,指法国殖民地圣多明各(今海地),那里的意思是"混血儿"。

在提到1590年代的乐音时。 Color-scheme ,是1860年的。 Color-coded ,是1943年的,是指无线电和军用飞机的线路。 Color-line ,是指美国种族的社会和法律歧视,是1875年的,原指南方白人在重建期间统一投票,夺回对州政府的控制权(大约一年前,它曾被称为 white line ,而且更准确)。

color (v.)

14世纪末, colouren ,"使(某物)呈现某种颜色,给或涂上颜色",也有形象化的"用(词)达到某种效果;使(某物)看起来与现实不同或比现实更好"的意思,来自古法语 culurer, colorer ,直接来自拉丁语 colorare ,来自 color (见 color (n.))。不及物义"变得面红耳赤"出自1721年。相关链接: Colored ; coloring

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Definitions of color from WordNet
1
color (n.)
a visual attribute of things that results from the light they emit or transmit or reflect;
a white color is made up of many different wavelengths of light
Synonyms: colour / coloring / colouring
color (n.)
interest and variety and intensity;
the Puritan Period was lacking in color
Synonyms: colour / vividness
color (n.)
the timbre of a musical sound;
the recording fails to capture the true color of the original music
Synonyms: colour / coloration / colouration
color (n.)
an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately misleading;
the situation soon took on a different color
Synonyms: semblance / gloss / colour
color (n.)
any material used for its color;
she used a different color for the trim
Synonyms: coloring material / colouring material / colour
color (n.)
(physics) the characteristic of quarks that determines their role in the strong interaction;
each flavor of quarks comes in three colors
Synonyms: colour
color (n.)
the appearance of objects (or light sources) described in terms of a person's perception of their hue and lightness (or brightness) and saturation;
Synonyms: colour
2
color (v.)
add color to;
The child colored the drawings
Fall colored the trees
Synonyms: colorize / colorise / colourise / colourize / colour / color in / colour in
color (v.)
affect as in thought or feeling;
My personal feelings color my judgment in this case
Synonyms: tinge / colour / distort
color (v.)
modify or bias;
His political ideas color his lectures
Synonyms: colour
color (v.)
decorate with colors;
color the walls with paint in warm tones
Synonyms: colour / emblazon
color (v.)
give a deceptive explanation or excuse for;
color a lie
Synonyms: colour / gloss
color (v.)
change color, often in an undesired manner;
Synonyms: discolor / discolour / colour
3
color (adj.)
having or capable of producing colors;
he rented a color television
color film
marvelous color illustrations
Synonyms: colour
From wordnet.princeton.edu