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color (n.)

13世纪初, “肤色, 肤色”, 来自英法 culur, coulour, 古法语 color “颜色, 肤色, 外表” (现代法语 couleur), 来自拉丁语 color “皮肤的颜色; 一般的颜色, 色调; 外表”, 来自古拉丁语 colos, 原为“遮盖物” (近似于 celare “隐藏, 掩盖” ), 来自PIE根 *kel- (1) “遮盖, 掩盖, 保存”. 古英语中“颜色” 的词有 hiw (“色调” ), bleo. 关于意义的演变, 比较梵文 varnah “覆盖, 颜色”, 与 vrnoti “覆盖” 有关, 也可参见 chroma.

Colour 是从14世纪开始的常用英语拼写, 来自英法. 从15世纪开始, 经典的修正使 color 成为一种替代的拼法, 该拼法在美国得到确立(见 -or).

意思是“一种色相或色调, 一种可见的颜色, 某物的颜色” 来自14世纪. 作为“颜色作为物质的固有属性, 是仅由眼睛感知到的事物或外观的质量”, 从14世纪晚期开始 14世纪初作为“一种着色物质, 颜料, 染料”. 从14世纪中叶起作“种类, 排序, 种类, 描述”. 从14世纪晚期起在形象意义上作“造型手法, 点缀”. 从14世纪起为“通过证明, 解释或开脱某项行为而提出的理由或论点”, 因此为“似是而非的理由或论点, 掩盖某物真实特征的东西” (14世纪末).

从14世纪起, 作为“识别的明显标志” (如徽章或徽章或制服, 后来是指冠军, 骑马者等), 原指纹章. 因此具象意义, 如 show one's (true) colors “透露自己的意见或意图;” 比较 colors.

在指“人类中较深色(区别于'白色') 品种的色调” [OED], 从1792年开始考证, 在 people of colour, 译自法文, 指法国殖民地圣多明各(今海地), 那里的意思是“混血儿”.

在提到1590年代的乐音时. Color-scheme, 是1860年的. Color-coded, 是1943年的, 是指无线电和军用飞机的线路. Color-line, 是指美国种族的社会和法律歧视, 是1875年的, 原指南方白人在重建期间统一投票, 夺回对州政府的控制权(大约一年前, 它曾被称为 white line, 而且更准确).

color (v.)

14世纪末, colouren, “使(某物) 呈现某种颜色, 给或涂上颜色”, 也有形象化的“用(词) 达到某种效果; 使(某物) 看起来与现实不同或比现实更好” 的意思, 来自古法语 culurer, colorer, 直接来自拉丁语 colorare, 来自 color (见 color (n.) ). 不及物义“变得面红耳赤” 出自1721年. 相关链接: Colored; coloring.

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Definitions of color from WordNet
1
color (n.)
a visual attribute of things that results from the light they emit or transmit or reflect;
a white color is made up of many different wavelengths of light
Synonyms: colour / coloring / colouring
color (n.)
interest and variety and intensity;
the Puritan Period was lacking in color
Synonyms: colour / vividness
color (n.)
the timbre of a musical sound;
the recording fails to capture the true color of the original music
Synonyms: colour / coloration / colouration
color (n.)
an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately misleading;
the situation soon took on a different color
Synonyms: semblance / gloss / colour
color (n.)
any material used for its color;
she used a different color for the trim
Synonyms: coloring material / colouring material / colour
color (n.)
(physics) the characteristic of quarks that determines their role in the strong interaction;
each flavor of quarks comes in three colors
Synonyms: colour
color (n.)
the appearance of objects (or light sources) described in terms of a person's perception of their hue and lightness (or brightness) and saturation;
Synonyms: colour
2
color (v.)
add color to;
The child colored the drawings
Fall colored the trees
Synonyms: colorize / colorise / colourise / colourize / colour / color in / colour in
color (v.)
affect as in thought or feeling;
My personal feelings color my judgment in this case
Synonyms: tinge / colour / distort
color (v.)
modify or bias;
His political ideas color his lectures
Synonyms: colour
color (v.)
decorate with colors;
color the walls with paint in warm tones
Synonyms: colour / emblazon
color (v.)
give a deceptive explanation or excuse for;
color a lie
Synonyms: colour / gloss
color (v.)
change color, often in an undesired manner;
Synonyms: discolor / discolour / colour
3
color (adj.)
having or capable of producing colors;
he rented a color television
color film
marvelous color illustrations
Synonyms: colour
From wordnet.princeton.edu