Etymology
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colony (n.)

14世纪末, “古罗马人在意大利以外的居住地”, 来自拉丁文 colonia “定居的土地, 农场, 有地的庄园”, 来自 colonus “丈夫, 佃农, 新土地上的定居者”, 来自 colere “耕种, 耕作; 居住; 经常, 实践, 尊重; 照料, 守护”, 来自PIE根 *kwel- (1) “旋转, 巡视; 逗留, 居住” (来源也是拉丁文 -cola “居民” ). 也被罗马人用来翻译希腊文 apoikia “家乡的人”.

指现代情况下, “从祖国迁徙到一个新的地方耕种和居住, 而仍受制于祖国的公司或团体”, 1540年代有证. 意为“被殖民的国家或地区”, 到1610年代.

Origin and meaning of colony

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Definitions of colony
1
colony (n.)
a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland; inhabitants remain nationals of their home state but are not literally under the home state's system of government;
the American colony in Paris
Synonyms: settlement
colony (n.)
a group of organisms of the same type living or growing together;
colony (n.)
a place where a group of people with the same interest or occupation are concentrated;
a nudist colony
an artists' colony
colony (n.)
a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country;
Synonyms: dependency
colony (n.)
(microbiology) a group of organisms grown from a single parent cell;
2
Colony (n.)
one of the 13 British colonies that formed the original states of the United States;
From wordnet.princeton.edu