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collect (v.)

15世纪初, “聚集到一个地方或群体” (转义), 来自古法语 collecter “收集” (14世纪末), 来自拉丁语 collectus, colligere “聚集在一起” 的过去分词, 来自 com “一起” (见 com-) + legere “聚集” 的同化形式, 来自PIE词根 *leg- (1) “收集, 聚集”.

不及物义“聚集在一起, 积累” 从1794年开始得到证明. 相关: Collected; collecting. 作为形容词或副词, 意思是“由收件人支付”, 它从1893年开始被证实, 最初是指电报.

Origin and meaning of collect

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Definitions of collect from WordNet
1
collect (v.)
get or gather together;
Synonyms: roll up / accumulate / pile up / amass / compile / hoard
collect (v.)
call for and obtain payment of;
we collected over a million dollars in outstanding debts
he collected the rent
Synonyms: take in
collect (v.)
assemble or get together;
Synonyms: gather / garner / pull together
collect (v.)
get or bring together;
Synonyms: pull in
collect (v.)
gather or collect;
Synonyms: pick up / gather up / call for
2
collect (n.)
a short prayer generally preceding the lesson in the Church of Rome or the Church of England;
3
collect (adv.)
make a telephone call or mail a package so that the recipient pays;
send a package collect
call collect
4
collect (adj.)
payable by the recipient on delivery;
the letter came collect
a collect call
Synonyms: cod
From wordnet.princeton.edu