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coach (n.)

1550年代, “大型的四轮有盖马车”, 来自法语 coche (16世纪), 来自德语 kotsche, 来自匈牙利 kocsi (szekér) “(马车) 的Kocs”, 它最早被制造的村庄. 在匈牙利, 这个东西和它的名字可以追溯到15世纪, 并且自16世纪以来, 在大多数欧洲语言(西班牙和葡萄牙语 coche, 意大利语 cocchino, 荷兰语 koets) 中都可以找到它的形式. 车辆通常以其发明或首次使用的地方命名(比较 berlin, landau, surrey). 到1866年应用于铁路客车, 美国英语. “经济舱或旅游舱” 的意义是从1949年开始的.

意为“教员/教练”, 约1830年牛津大学俚语, 指“带着” 学生参加考试的私人导师(比较 pony, 学生俚语意义为“翻译” ). 转移到体育领域的意义, “受雇于训练运动员参加比赛的人” 从1861年开始得到证明. 运动训练者的一个更经典的词是 agonistarch, 来自希腊语 agonistarkhes “训练(某人) 参加公开比赛和竞赛的人”.

All panelled carriages with seats for four persons inside, and an elevated coachman's seat, are designated coaches. The town coach proper, has windows in the doors, and one in each end, the quarters being panelled. [Henry William Herbert (“Frank Forester” ), “Hints to Horse-Keepers,” New York, 1859]

coach (v.)

1610年代, “用马车输送”, 出自 coach (n.). 意为“辅导, 给私人指导, 为考试或比赛做准备(某人)”, 出自1849年. 相关链接: Coached; coaching.

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Definitions of coach from WordNet
1
coach (n.)
(sports) someone in charge of training an athlete or a team;
Synonyms: manager / handler
coach (n.)
a person who gives private instruction (as in singing, acting, etc.);
Synonyms: private instructor / tutor
coach (n.)
a railcar where passengers ride;
Synonyms: passenger car / carriage
coach (n.)
a carriage pulled by four horses with one driver;
Synonyms: four-in-hand / coach-and-four
coach (n.)
a vehicle carrying many passengers; used for public transport;
Synonyms: bus / autobus / charabanc / double-decker / jitney / motorbus / motorcoach / omnibus / passenger vehicle
2
coach (v.)
teach and supervise (someone); act as a trainer or coach (to), as in sports;
She is coaching the crew
Synonyms: train
coach (v.)
drive a coach;
From wordnet.princeton.edu